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Monoprice Monolith HTP-1 16CH Home Theater Processor Review

The marketplace of processors that exceed eleven channels but don’t cost as much as a new car is a small one. So, when Monoprice announced the Monolith HTP-1 processor at the 2019 CEDIA, home theater enthusiasts were intrigued. Here was a 16-channel processor with fully balanced outputs, Dirac room equalization, eARC support, and support for all the latest object-oriented sound formats including Auro-3D, DTS-X, and Dolby Atmos. All for only $4k. $4k is a lot of money, but when you consider that many of the other processors with similar features and spec sets are priced in the five-figure range, here was a serious processor that a middle-class home theater enthusiast could afford without needing to take out another mortgage. It is an affordable way of getting more out of modern sound mixes than what can be had from the AVRs from the major audio manufacturers.

At last, we finally have the HTP-1 in for review today. Let’s dig in to see if it warrants the online buzz it has caused since its announcement... 

Design Analysis

HTP1 front angle2The design for the HTP-1 positions it as a processor for all-out, state-of-the-art home theaters. It is a bit more focused than most AV processors compared to those from more traditional electronics manufacturers such as Yamaha, Denon, or Marantz. Therefore, it doesn’t quite have as many features that go beyond its core mission of a home theater processor for serious cinematic use. It doesn’t have processing for other zones, nor does it have gobs of inputs for every conceivable source. It is geared toward processing modern media device output that you would find in home theaters and not a whole lot else. That reduces the complexity of the unit, which is also a reason for the simplicity of its appearance: the only items on the front of the unit are a touchscreen, a volume knob, and a power button. It is not a heavy component, and no attempt is made to artificially increase the weight to give it a luxury feel. The design is straightforward and mostly utilitarian.

16 channels!

As a dedicated processor for heavy-duty home theater use, one of the most significant features of the HTP-1 is its support for 16 channels. These can be configured in a variety of ways, from nine main level channels, six upper channels, and five subwoofers. If you have a large home theater room, this kind of processor can be a real benefit, naturally. However, even if you don’t have a large room, there are some advantages, especially with five individually configurable subwoofer outputs. With five individually configurable subwoofer outputs, each sub gets individually calibrated to achieve an overall target response, and that can add up to an extremely fine-tuned bass response for those with multi-sub systems. In other words, such a great degree of control over separate subwoofers should be able to grant the user a magnificently smooth bass response across more listening positions.

HTP speaker config menu

One problem with a processor that goes beyond eleven channels, specifically a 7.1.4 Atmos setup, is that some Atmos mixes are locked into a 7.1.4 sound mix. This is one of the many failures of Dolby Atmos specifically, but, since Atmos is the most prevalent object-oriented sound format in North America, it also becomes a problem for North American home theater enthusiasts who want to expand beyond a 7.1.4 system. This problem is basically relegated to Disney titles at the moment, and hopefully, it will not be a practice adopted outside of Disney. I have often argued for the total abolition of the Disney Corporation in the past, and this is just another point for that argument.

Front Wides

front widesOne problem with sound mixes that have a locked 7.1.4 mix is that there is no ability to use the ‘front wide’ channels that Atmos can accommodate which some processors, such as the HTP-1, support. The front wides are lateral speaker channels with placement between the front left/right channels and the side surrounds. This placement is actually a bit more advantageous than height channels since human hearing is much better able to localize horizontal sound sources than sound sources at the high vertical angle recommended by Dolby for height channels. If you are setting up a larger scale home theater audio system, I would argue that it makes a lot more sense to set up a 9.1.2 system than a 7.1.4 or 7.1.6 system. The audible difference should be more significant on content that supports it.

Sadly, not a whole lot of content does support the front wide channels except for Dolby Atmos sound mixes that haven’t been restricted and also some DTS configurations. For this reason, the HTP-1 has a feature called ‘Wide Synth’ that can simulate content to feed the wide channels by mixing content intended for the front left/right channels and the side surround channels. This feature can be applied to any of the surround modes. It also applies to top middle channels, so if you have six height speakers, but the content only supports four height speakers, the ‘Wide Synth’ feature will generate sound for the middle height speakers by mixing signal content from the front and rear height speakers.  You get to use ALL of your speakers even if the native format doesn't support it.

Auro-3D

11CH LayoutOne nice feature of the HTP-1 is the support for Auro-3D. Auro-3D uses an excellent upmixer that many users prefer to those offered by Dolby and DTS. What is more, the speaker placement suggested by Auro-3D makes more sense with respect to human hearing than the speaker placement suggested by Dolby and DTS. The reason is that Auro-3D doesn’t hike the speakers up at such a high angle in relation to the listener. As was mentioned before, human hearing is more geared toward detecting and localizing lateral sound sources rather than vertical sound sources. At higher angles, sound becomes more difficult to pinpoint. Strange—what compelled Dolby to use a plethora of height speaker locations at such a high angle where directional differences would be more ambiguous? Auro-3D’s speaker placement suggestions are to bring the angle of the height channels down more where the differences are easier to hear, and just use a single ‘Voice of God’ channel for content that is directly overhead. If I were designing a home theater today, I might be more inclined to follow Auro-3D’s placement suggestions rather than Atmos, despite Atmos’ popularity in North America. Another point in favor of Auro-3D is that the height speakers can usually be mounted on the wall rather than needing to be mounted in the ceiling, aside from the single ‘Voice of God’ speaker which the user can choose to install or not. Wall-mounting a speaker is normally a lot easier than installing a speaker in the ceiling.

Dirac Live Calibration and Equalization

dirac htp-1One of the big selling points of the HTP-1 is the Dirac Live room correction system. Dirac Live is considered to be one of the best room corrections systems since it attempts to correct for time-domain problems as well as frequency-domain problems. Most room correction software only deals with frequency problems outside of setting distances of speakers and subs so that the arrival time of sound is synchronous at the listening position. Dirac Live first corrects for time-domain issues by analyzing the system’s impulse response and issuing corrections in the frequency domain that do not degrade the time domain behavior. Many users have achieved remarkable adherence to the target response using Dirac Live, especially in bass frequencies, which is the most difficult area for room correction to deal with.

The HTP-1 also comes with support for Dirac’s new Bass Management, which, as with Dirac Live, is a far more sophisticated system for automatically calibrating bass response. However, the license for Dirac’s Bass Management has to be purchased by the user from Dirac. It is a $349 upgrade for a single subwoofer system and a $500 upgrade for a multi-sub system. Of course, the vast majority of owners of the HTP-1 are likely to be multiple subwoofer owners. Another potentially hidden cost for those who want to use Dirac Live is that the HTP-1 does not come with a measurement microphone needed to use Dirac Live. Dirac does provide a list of recommended mics here, and among them is the Dayton EMM-6, which sells for only $60, so it doesn’t have to be an enormous extra expense to get a measurement microphone.

If you are the kind of person who likes to tweak things manually for more hands-on control over system performance, the HTP-1 comes with a 16-channel parametric EQ per channel. That level of control enables you to give your sound system any kind of sonic character you want. It’s a degree of fine-tuning that can also allow you to shape the bass response of your system pretty nicely without having to buy Dirac’s bass management in order to achieve a flat response. It can also be used in conjunction with Dirac Live, so you can use the PEQ to make changes to the response provided by Dirac. Dirac almost makes this a moot point since it enables you to customize the target curve to whatever shape you want, out to a very fine degree. If you want to adjust your sound but don’t want to get into such an intricate equalization system, the HTP-1 also has simpler tone controls. The user can set the corner frequency of the tone controls and also adjust the amount of boost or cut.

User Interface

HTP top menuThe HTP-1 doesn’t have an on-screen display in its video output. It does have a locally hosted webpage that you can configure it from as well as a touch screen on the front panel. The touch screen only displays the basics of the processor’s status, and it doesn’t have a whole lot of interactive functions, but that is just as well since I found it to be very insensitive. It uses resistive touch instead of capacitive touch, so it is not nearly as sensitive as a screen on a smartphone. I had to repeatedly touch areas of the screen with a good amount of force for it to recognize my actions. The web page is what you really want to use to configure the HTP-1. It requires a physical ethernet connection to use, so make sure you have one available. Once connected to ethernet, it can be configured to use a wifi network, so you only need the ethernet connection to start with. Getting the HTP-1 to be recognized on my ethernet network and later on my wireless network took a lot of trial and error for me. I was ultimately successful, but the process was not exactly smooth. Most userhtp remotes report a smooth experience of getting the HTP-1 to connect to their network, so the problems I experienced may be particular to my network.

The web configuration page is fairly simple. The front page enables you to change the input, volume level, upmixer, and mode. The configuration page is where you set the system up, calibrate it, and fine-tune it. There is a lot of depth and features within the configuration page, but it is logically laid out, and there is a help button in the upper right corner of the window that explains all of the functions of the controls in each individual page. Those who want a deeper explanation of the functions can always refer to the user manual as well. The user manual is very easy to follow relative to other processors on the market, and I would recommend that new owners go through it.

The HTP-1 also comes with a remote control. It’s a simple remote control that is reasonably well laid out and only really exercises control over the basic functions like volume adjustment, input selection, and listening mode activation. Much like the rest of the HTP-1, it is to-the-point and not exactly fancy. It would have been nice to have a remote with backlit buttons for convenient operation in darkened rooms, but it seems to me that Monoprice expects users to mostly use the webpage so they decided not to spend extra for a decked-out remote. Many users have also reported success using the HTP-1 with the Logitech Harmony universal remote control series, so if it is a device you want tied in with a universal remote, that is certainly possible.

Firmware Update Weirdness

I wanted to connect my PC with the HTP-1 using the USB for digital audio. Initial attempts found the HTP-1 unable to process USB audio, but looking closer at the manual, I found the problem was that USB audio support only became available in firmware update 1.8, whereas I was still using 1.7.1. I tried to update the firmware using the information page that can be accessed by clicking on the button labeled “i” in the upper right corner. At the top of the information page, there is a link labeled “Update the system” that I clicked on. The HTP-1 went through some kind of processing that took a long time and then reset itself, which I assumed to mean that the firmware update was complete. However, looking at the information page revealed I was still on version 1.7.1. I went through the process again with the same result.

firmware historyAfter examining the manual closely, it turns out that the “Update the system” link only updates the system if there is a “Master Release” firmware update available. It also turns out that version 1.8 is a beta update, and the way to update to a beta candidate is to look at the “update history” page in the information page and to click on the hexadecimal number of the newer releases. When I tried this, the update screen warned me that it could take as long as an hour to update the firmware and not to power down the HTP-1 during that time. It really did take an hour, but it did update the firmware, and now the USB audio works.

The entire process of figuring out what was going on was a time-consuming headache. Admittedly the procedure is stated in the manual, but only in the last sentence in the “Updating Firmware” section, and the process isn’t very articulately described. My advice to Monoprice*: if there is no Master Release update available, don’t have a clickable link on the information page that says “Update the system.” Definitely don’t allow the HTP-1 to go through a lengthy processing period after having clicked that link that makes the user think the unit is updating. Also, please have a clearer distinction of what release is a Master Release and what is a beta release. Maybe it would also be a good idea to more clearly explain how to update to beta firmware versions within the control panel itself rather than having to decipher cryptic instructions in the user manual. 

*Monoprice has responded that they may be looking into making changes in the firmware update process based on this and other feedback.

Listening Modes

There are four main modes that can be used to modify the sound outside of the upmixers. This is very much in contrast to receivers that have a whole slew of DSP modes that alter the sound in various ways and are mostly used to imitate certain acoustic situations. The HTP-1 doesn’t do any of that nonsense. Its four modes are Night Mode, Dirac, Loudness, and Dialogue Enhancement. Night Mode is used to suppress large dynamic swings and also keep bass to a minimum. This is handy for containing sound in the listener’s room so as not to disrupt the rest of the household. We have already discussed Dirac’s mode, and we will discuss it more later on. The ‘Loudness’ mode activates a way to scale the volume control in a manner that is smoother to human perception than what is heard by simply raising the amplitude linearly.

The ‘Dialogue Enhancement’ Mode is an interesting feature that deserves more than a quick mention. In content with DTS-X coding, the dialogue can be boosted in level so users who have a more difficult time understanding speech can follow it better. ‘Dialogue Enhancement’ does this. In non-DTS-X content, the ‘Dialogue Enhancement’ button simply elevates the center channel content by up to 6dB. Of course, boosting the dialogue alone is a far better option for increasing dialogue intelligibility. The shame of it is that DTS-X is the only coding scheme that supports this incredibly useful feature, yet DTS-X is hardly used as an encoder. Dolby Atmos has cornered the market on object-oriented sound mixes, and though it ought to be very easy to implement such a feature in that kind of mix, Dolby has yet to do it. DTS-X’s ‘Dialogue Enhancement’ feature is not just a good idea, it is a great idea, and it is one of the major failings of Atmos that this ability of object-oriented sound mixes has been neglected. Dialogue intelligibility is a significant problem for lots of people, and those who want to learn more about why it is such an extensive problem and what can be done to mitigate it should watch this in-depth Audioholics Youtube discussion on the subject.   

Hardware: Inputs and Outputs

Let’s talk now about the physical hardware of the HTP-1, and let’s start with the inputs and outputs. With respect to inputs, most people are going to be using one or more of the eight HDMI connections that are available. Other digital inputs include six SPDIF inputs consisting of three optical and three coaxial. There is also an AES/EBU input along with a USB audio input for computer connections. The HTP-1 also supports wireless inputs of Roon and Bluetooth streaming input capability. Analog inputs are limited to two pairs of RCAs. There is no analog bypass for those purists who might want to connect vintage sources through the HTP-1. The absence of an analog bypass might bother some folks, but this is not a traditional receiver, and I can appreciate its focus on modern connectivity rather than hiking up manufacturing costs to accommodate sources that are outside the focus of its intended application.

HTP1 rear panel

There are sixteen fully-balanced XLR as well as two HDMI outputs. The HDMI outputs are spec’d at HDMI 2.0b and are compliant with the HDCP 2.3 standard. They can output 4K resolution at 60Hz and it's not clear at the time of writing this review what the upgrade path is going forward for 8K or 4K/120Hz resolutions. The XLR outputs, being fully balanced, should ideally be used with amplifiers that have similar balanced inputs. We strongly recommend against connecting these to an amp with unbalanced inputs. Monoprice might also have included unbalanced outputs to make the HTP-1 compatible with a wider range of amplifiers, but that would have raised the price for the inclusion of lesser inputs on what is intended to be a high-value unit intended for higher performance. There isn’t much point in including lesser performance connectors in a unit like this, so we are glad that Monoprice decided to keep things simple and ditch unbalanced outputs.

DAC and Potential Supply Issues

The HTP-1 uses state-of-the-art DACs in the form of the AK4493 from AKM. This is an extremely low-noise and low distortion DAC that is considered one of the best that money can buy. One recent development that might have made the choice to use that DAC a mistake is that the factory where it is made has burned down. This puts the future availability of the HTP-1 in question, at least for a little while. While the HTP-1 will continue as a product, it may need some redesign for another DAC if AKM isn’t able to quickly rebound manufacturing capacity. If Monoprice decides to redesign the HTP-1 using another DAC, the chances are that DAC won’t be quite as good as the AK4493, even though the difference isn’t likely to be audible. That decision could make the current crop of AK4493-equipped HTP-1s more sought after, since they’d be in limited supply.

Calibration

dirac measurementsRunning the setup routine for Dirac Live is a bit more involved than other room EQ programs. The user will need a calibrated measurement microphone along with a computer to run Dirac’s calibration. The HTP-1 uses the correction file to adjust its sound output, but it doesn’t run the calibration routine itself. I would encourage users to go over the steps carefully before running the calibration. Users are also advised to go over the “Tips for a Successful Dirac Calibration” section in the HTP-1 user manual. There is also this quick start guide on Dirac’s website that offers a bit more depth in outlining the steps of calibration than the HTP-1 manual. Running calibration on a full 16-channel system would take a little while, but the fewer channels you have, the fewer measurements are needed for calibration, so a 5.1 system wouldn’t take very long to calibrate.

filter designThe HTP-1 enables the user to instantly switch between Dirac on, off, and bypass. Dirac bypass keeps the distance and level calibration of the speakers but deactivates all other processing. In my theater room, I ran the calibration on a 2.1 system in my home theater since I only had that many components in there that could handle balanced inputs. Dirac enables the user to shape the target curve into anything they want, but I kept Dirac’s target curve except for shaving off a bit of the deepest bass so it didn’t attempt to send a boosted signal below the tuning frequency of my ported subwoofer. A single subwoofer rarely produces a great response in-room, so Dirac had its work cut out for it with respect to deep bass. The speakers that I was using, ADAM Audio T7Vs (soon to be raffled for our Patreon supporters!), do not have the flattest response but are amenable to equalization thanks to the consistency of their directivity. These are speakers that should respond well to a room correction system like Dirac. One of the things I did, in order to see how well Dirac could deal with suboptimal conditions, is that I shifted the listening position out of the sweet spot and more to one side of the front stage speakers. I also spaced the speakers more widely apart than what would be optimal for a great sound; this tends to spread out the center image and makes it less focused.

Dirac Comparison

bill and ted

Since the HTP-1 makes it so easy to compare Dirac to uncalibrated responses, that is what I did. I lined up a roster of tracks from artists I was familiar with as well as audiophile staples, and that led to a diverse playlist featuring artists such as The Cure, Diana Krall, operatic pieces from the Amadeus soundtrack, Harry Connick Jr., Janelle Monae, Peter Gabriel, among others. As I listened to the tracks, I flipped between Dirac on, off, and bypass, and the difference between each mode was immediately clear. With Dirac off, the soundstage became a lot more ambiguous and lost a strong center image. Subwoofer bass was also very disconnected from the front stage sound. What is more, Dirac made the sound a lot ‘warmer’ when active. With Dirc off, the treble was significantly more aggressive, but that was in large part my choice in just having gone with Dirac’s default target curve, which gives the sound a slight downward tilt. Needless to say, Dirac made everything a lot better.

One film that I watched with the Dirac calibrated system was the recent release ‘Bill and Ted Face the Music.’ I had intended to switch between turning Dirac on and off throughout the movie to hear the difference it made, but it wasn’t long before I didn’t bother anymore since the difference was so stark, especially for content intended to be center-imaged. Pretty much any source of sound that had a specific location had vastly improved imaging with Dirac on. The bass was also ‘boomy’ by comparison with Dirac off. I learned everything I needed to know about the difference pretty quickly into the movie (it was a fun movie, by the way, I can recommend it for fans of the first two movies). Dirac Live comparison

One interesting distinction I found in this exercise is the difference that Dirac bypass makes between Dirac on and off. Going to bypass from Dirac on, much (but not all) of the center imaging is retained. However, the sound isn’t as smooth and unified, and the subwoofer bass is still disconnected. Although it should come as no surprise given how human hearing localizes sound, it was still interesting to hear how much of a difference that simple timing delays and level adjustments can make toward improving the soundstage. This is rudimentary calibration that even the simplest auto-EQ systems should be competent at. Going from Dirac bypass to Dirac off, the center image just splatters across the front stage when I had deliberately set the speakers in a sub-optimal arrangement. The simple adjustments in level and timing from the speakers to make them even for an off-center listening position had a major effect in anchoring the center image in a defined location between the speakers.   

Dirac Bass Control

I moved the HTP-1 to my 2.2 bedroom setup where I could better explore its Bass Control feature since my bedroom system had two subs with balanced inputs as opposed to the one in my theater room. This would allow me to better compare the effects of Dirac’s Bass Control since it can calibrate multiple subs independently rather than treating all subs as one as standard Dirac Live does. In my bedroom system, I used two powered monitors that I had measured (although not reviewed) which had a significantly flawed response, again giving Dirac an opportunity to show what it could do. I calibrated the system with Dirac, and used one of the HTP-1’s calibration slots for standard Dirac Live and another for Dirac Live with Bass Control (there are six slots available).

Bas control differences

In comparing Dirac with and without Bass Control, subjectively it did make a difference, and the bass did seem fuller with Bass Control on. Looking at the above measurements showing the difference of the Bass Control feature, it is largely the same as standard Dirac Live except at the upper end of the subwoofer’s frequency range where Bass Control is maintaining a much flatter response as well as a much better integration with the speakers at the 80Hz crossover point. Of course, turning off Dirac altogether had a huge impact on the sound for the worse. Imaging was far less focused, and, as with my home theater system, the bass sounded disconnected. With Dirac on, the sound was pretty darn good, especially with Bass Control, but with Dirac turned off, it would take a lot of manual calibration to make it nearly as good.

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James Larson is Audioholics' primary loudspeaker and subwoofer reviewer on account of his deep knowledge of loudspeaker functioning and performance and also his overall enthusiasm toward moving the state of audio science forward.

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PENG posts on September 15, 2021 14:04

tparm, post: 1504579, member: 71264
I know this isn't likely to happen anytime soon, but I'd love to see Audioholics measurements AND subjective user/listening experiences with the updated X8500HA and AV8805A compared to the SR8015.

If you do the comparison based on ASR, Gene's and Marantz's own, the SR8015 pre out did measure a few dB better in THD+N and DR than the 8805A. The 8805's THD+N was about the same as the 8805A but better in DR, again by just a few dB.

tparm posts on September 15, 2021 11:28

I know this isn't likely to happen anytime soon, but I'd love to see Audioholics measurements AND subjective user/listening experiences with the updated X8500HA and AV8805A compared to the SR8015. While my RMC-1L sounds better (to me) than my previous Denons (X4700H, A110) I do miss how user friendly they were and well, the fact they just worked, compared to the Emotiva. The only other piece that has me intrigued, especially since I am not in any hurry to spend more money, is a new Yamaha processor. Any @gene intel there?

Everything I have runs via XLR connections that were custom made to make my rack tidy so I am hesitant to go back to all RCA interconnects and I prefer balanced inputs for an analog source. I do like Dirac but there is so much intellectual knowledge out there now for Audyssey (especially here, thank you) I think with some careful pre and post calibration tuning that is nearly a moot point. I probably shouldn't have sold my A110 but that is what drinking on the beach and looking at classifieds will do for ya…..

Lastly, the email from Marantz telling their Shirakawa Audio Works story was very cool. I guess the X8500HA and A110 are built there too but Denon only touts that on the Anniversary editions.

PENG posts on September 07, 2021 10:01

Matthew J Poes, post: 1503123, member: 85392
Hi Peng,

I am actually the better person to answer this as I was the one who measured the Monolith.

First let me say the simple answer to your question is that we don’t all work in an office together. At the time of this review I was in Chicago area. As is James. I was in the process of moving. I have the Quantum Asylum and Gene has the AP. He was in Florida. As such, it wasn’t possible for us to measure the Monolith on the AP without delaying the review. Gene had packed his AP as he was getting ready to move into his new house.

now in terms of accuracy. The answer is yes the QA is as accurate as the AP as long as the user doesn’t do something ham fisted. It’s a factory calibrated device with very good native specs. However, like all devices, it has a limit. It can only measure distortion (THD+N) down to around .0015% or so. That is the limit of the AD converter in its best mode and using an external pure source.

The AP would also have a similar limit if not for some tricks. AP has a notch filter. This notch filter is extremely precise and adjustable to any frequency. The addition of the notch filter allows you to dewarp the incoming signal and leave only the distortion of the DUT, canceling all distortion of the testing device hardware. I have that ability too. I also have a notch filter. But I have a problem. Fully adjustable notch filters are very expensive to make. Instead, mine is limited to just 1khz. I also have a 1khz pure sine wave oscillator. That means I too can measure extremely low levels of distortion.

this is where the ham fisted issue comes in. When I measured this device I accidentally forgot to account for the gain adjustment of the oscillator and notch filter. Further, I had been trying to ensure it was calibrated right because I was getting odd results and once I found the problem, forgot to undo the calibration value. None of this has any impact on distortion or noise measurements. It only threw off the voltage measurement at the output. We corrected it (or at least I submitted a correction once I found the problem).

so to answer your question. It is absolutely accurate. It’s capable of measuring noise and distortion down to -120dB and with software updates and new hardware boxes, it’s getting better. It is simply limited to 1khz for such measurements. All other measurements would be limited to more like -98dB or so. However I need to make a checklist for myself when I do this to be sure I don’t do something goofy. There are so many sources of error with modern processors and measurement gear that if you aren’t careful you can produce totally erroneous results.

as a case in point, it’s been noted that you can be too fancy for your own good. The same tech that allows you to measure these crazy low numbers can also cancel a portion of the DUT noise and cause an artificially low number. This often happens when the FFT is very high and a very long accumulation period is used. As such, a reviewer for a trade oriented publication measured a Purifi module and came up with results that are in fact lower than factory spec. I had asked Bruno if this implied the amp bring lower noise than the AP he uses. He said no, then sent me a graph that showed a good 20dB of additional margin. He told me that in reviewing the other measurements in question he found the results unlikely. How they were obtained? Who knows, but Bruno was confident they weren’t right. One guess was that the use of the oscillator, notch filter, and a large accumulation period might have combined with improper signal processing to lead to a bogus result.

as for the Marantz. My fault. I have it sitting here in a box. I was supposed to move into my new place 2 months ago. But long construction delays put us at October. I had assumed I could setup a good measurement space here, but it turns out that 1000 sq ft is not enough for two young kids, a dog, cat, wife, two crabs, and lots of life crap. Gene is 90+ minutes from me and it’s been hard to find a good time for both of us to focus just in measuring the preamp at his house.

if all you want is a THD+N spec and voltage max, it should be close or the same as the 7705. That didn’t change the audio hardware. We will get to this eventually. I should reach out to Gene again to get that going.

Thank you very much for the quick response. I am very keen on knowing how the 7706 compared to the AV7015/SR8015 because the 8015 has the different HDAM version and measured so much better, while the SR8012 measured about the same as the two AV7705s Amir has measured so far(in SINAD, SNR, DR etc..).

Now that you confirmed the 7706 measured about the same as the 7705, then I guess the better HDAM version used in the SR8015 has not been filtered down to the 7706 yet. To me THD+N at the level of those AVP/AVRs for the preamp/DAC is more about indicators of how well the thing is put together, in addition to using better quality parts/components, much less to do with audible difference in the end.

Regardless, I still love to see the measurements as I do value those indicators. Thanks again for fast tracking the THD+N part of the 7706 you measured. Hopefully you or Gene will soon measure a Denon AVR such as the mid range AVR-X4700H in preamp mode.

Matthew J Poes posts on September 07, 2021 09:17

PENG, post: 1503118, member: 6097
Hello @shadyJ , I just noticed you mentioned the SR8015's measurements and that was measured by the AP so am wondering why for the HTTP-1 you didn't use the AP. Is the QA401's accuracy comparable to Gene's AP?

Also, you mentioned measurement the 7706, is the results going to be published? Since AH has measured 3 recent Marantz models albeit all AVPs, it would be nice to measure a Denon AVR in preamp mode too, any plan for that? I would love to see AH do a little more bench tests of the popular AVR/AVPs, so we don't have to rely on ASR all the time. I know its a lot of work but I have to ask.

Almost forgot, do you know if Monolith has recently put a limit (via FW update) on the maximum output to 4 V XLR? I got that from someone on ASR, hope that is not true.

Thank you
Hi Peng,

I am actually the better person to answer this as I was the one who measured the Monolith.

First let me say the simple answer to your question is that we don’t all work in an office together. At the time of this review I was in Chicago area. As is James. I was in the process of moving. I have the Quantum Asylum and Gene has the AP. He was in Florida. As such, it wasn’t possible for us to measure the Monolith on the AP without delaying the review. Gene had packed his AP as he was getting ready to move into his new house.

now in terms of accuracy. The answer is yes the QA is as accurate as the AP as long as the user doesn’t do something ham fisted. It’s a factory calibrated device with very good native specs. However, like all devices, it has a limit. It can only measure distortion (THD+N) down to around .0015% or so. That is the limit of the AD converter in its best mode and using an external pure source.

The AP would also have a similar limit if not for some tricks. AP has a notch filter. This notch filter is extremely precise and adjustable to any frequency. The addition of the notch filter allows you to dewarp the incoming signal and leave only the distortion of the DUT, canceling all distortion of the testing device hardware. I have that ability too. I also have a notch filter. But I have a problem. Fully adjustable notch filters are very expensive to make. Instead, mine is limited to just 1khz. I also have a 1khz pure sine wave oscillator. That means I too can measure extremely low levels of distortion.

this is where the ham fisted issue comes in. When I measured this device I accidentally forgot to account for the gain adjustment of the oscillator and notch filter. Further, I had been trying to ensure it was calibrated right because I was getting odd results and once I found the problem, forgot to undo the calibration value. None of this has any impact on distortion or noise measurements. It only threw off the voltage measurement at the output. We corrected it (or at least I submitted a correction once I found the problem).

so to answer your question. It is absolutely accurate. It’s capable of measuring noise and distortion down to -120dB and with software updates and new hardware boxes, it’s getting better. It is simply limited to 1khz for such measurements. All other measurements would be limited to more like -98dB or so. However I need to make a checklist for myself when I do this to be sure I don’t do something goofy. There are so many sources of error with modern processors and measurement gear that if you aren’t careful you can produce totally erroneous results.

as a case in point, it’s been noted that you can be too fancy for your own good. The same tech that allows you to measure these crazy low numbers can also cancel a portion of the DUT noise and cause an artificially low number. This often happens when the FFT is very high and a very long accumulation period is used. As such, a reviewer for a trade oriented publication measured a Purifi module and came up with results that are in fact lower than factory spec. I had asked Bruno if this implied the amp bring lower noise than the AP he uses. He said no, then sent me a graph that showed a good 20dB of additional margin. He told me that in reviewing the other measurements in question he found the results unlikely. How they were obtained? Who knows, but Bruno was confident they weren’t right. One guess was that the use of the oscillator, notch filter, and a large accumulation period might have combined with improper signal processing to lead to a bogus result.

as for the Marantz. My fault. I have it sitting here in a box. I was supposed to move into my new place 2 months ago. But long construction delays put us at October. I had assumed I could setup a good measurement space here, but it turns out that 1000 sq ft is not enough for two young kids, a dog, cat, wife, two crabs, and lots of life crap. Gene is 90+ minutes from me and it’s been hard to find a good time for both of us to focus just in measuring the preamp at his house.

if all you want is a THD+N spec and voltage max, it should be close or the same as the 7705. That didn’t change the audio hardware. We will get to this eventually. I should reach out to Gene again to get that going.

PENG posts on September 07, 2021 08:08

Hello @shadyJ , I just noticed you mentioned the SR8015's measurements and that was measured by the AP so am wondering why for the HTTP-1 you didn't use the AP. Is the QA401's accuracy comparable to Gene's AP?

Also, you mentioned measurement the 7706, is the results going to be published? Since AH has measured 3 recent Marantz models albeit all AVPs, it would be nice to measure a Denon AVR in preamp mode too, any plan for that? I would love to see AH do a little more bench tests of the popular AVR/AVPs, so we don't have to rely on ASR all the time. I know its a lot of work but I have to ask.

Almost forgot, do you know if Monolith has recently put a limit (via FW update) on the maximum output to 4 V XLR? I got that from someone on ASR, hope that is not true.

Thank you

Post ReplySours: https://www.audioholics.com/av-preamp-processor-reviews/monolith-htp-1-1/

Monoprice HTP-1 Home Theater Processor Review

This is a review and detailed measurements of the Monolith Monoprice HTP-1 16-channel AV Processor. A kind member ordered it and had it drop shipped to me. The HTP-1 has recently started shipping and costs US $4,000 from the company direct.

I can't say I am a fan of the industry design of the HTP-1 but do like the large display:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor Review.jpg

The packaging feels cheep for a product in this price category. Back panel seems too think and I could flex the IEC input jack in and out as I plugged in my cable.

The rotary encoder is too shallow for proper grip and has no acceleration support. So you better not be in a hurry when you try to make big volume changes. You can crank it hard and watch the lazy volume indicator gradually change. On the other hand, minor changes are hard to do due to coarse resolution of 1 dB and jittery encoder that jumps 2 dB when you want to change 1 dB.

Cold boot takes a long time. After that, it stays in some kind of suspended mode and wakes up quickly until it loses power. Then the slow cycle starts again.

I set the options to show details of audio formats and such but I still did not seem the same rate and bit depth on the display. There is so much real estate there and the webserver can show it so why not on the LCD?

Love the back connectors in the way it dismisses the ancient composite and component video connectors and just gives you what you need on a modern AV product:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor Back Panel Connectors Inputs and...jpg

Note that there is no on-screen display. You manage the unit through its app or web server. I used the latter which worked very well on the desktop. On my Samsung S8+ the pop up was slow and there was some refresh bugs. On the desktop, it was far superior to any on-screen display.

I started my testing using the AES/EBU digital input. I then switched to testing with HDMI but no luck. The unit would simply not pass video from my PC's Nvidia graphs card. I would get a blank screen. I set the resolution to 1080p and it still produced no picture. So I dragged the unit to my main system, rip it apart :(, and tested it there. It worked fine with my Samsung UHD player and LG OLED TV. I have tested countless AVRs and processors with PCs and while they don't always work perfectly, they do produce a picture. I am worried about level of compatibility of HTP-1 given my experience.

FYI I did a system upgrade and it made no difference (it reports version 1.1 on display when it boots).

Overall this is a mixed bag of very nice display and web interface, and not so good input control and sheet metal. Not a showstopper though if the performance is there.

AV Processor DAC Performance
As noted, I used AES/EBU balanced digital input to feed the HTP-1. Here is the outcome at nominal 4 volts that desktop DACs produce:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 4 Volt Audio Measurements.png


OK, not broken but not that great either. Reducing the level to 2.7 volts which is the max that some other processors/AVRs produce before clipping gave a bit better performance:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 2.7 Volt Audio Measurements.png


Note that you get severe clipping at 4.5 volts or so. And that messing with the amplifier sensitivity level in the setup does not help with any of this. Anyway, this is where the ranking lands with the two output settings:

Best Home Theater Processor Surround Video Measurements.png


With the lower output, I think we have our first AV product that breaks into the green category. Among AVRs, that also edges out all other AV products we have tested:

Best Home Theater Processor Performance Review 2020.png


Dynamic range was good:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 4 volt dynamic range Audio Measu...png


As was multitone performance:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 4 Volt Multitone Audio Measureme...png


Wideband distortion and noise was not that competitive though:
Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor THD+N vs Frequency Distortion Au...png


Intermodulation distortion versus input level shows that we still have not closed the gap with even budget desktop DACs:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 4 Volt IMD distortion Audio Meas...png


Frequency response was fine:
Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 2.7 Volt Frequency Response Audi...png


Filter response is the typical default in DAC chips:
Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 4 Volt Filter Audio Measurements.png


What is that? You don't know why it get the decapitated panther with this type of performance? Well, this is why:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 4 Volt Linearity Audio Measureme...png


The test starts at -120 dB and keeps increasing the level. The HTP-1 kept flashing its PCM indicator but would produce no output until we got down to -90 dB which is 1 bit short of 16 bit audio. We can see this clearly by looking at the waveform at -90 and -96 dB:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor 96 dB bug Audio Measurements.png


As you see in the inset, I am definitely sending it 24 bit audio.

We saw this behavior in another processor, namely the Emotiva XMC-1:

index.php


Seems like the same shop that supplied the audio subsystem for XMC-1 is behind the same mistaken design in HTP-1. We could forgive the XMC-1 for being old but no such excuse holds for HTP-1. Folks, this is ABCs of design. You verify simple things like whether the device can process 24-bit data. After all, almost all video soundtracks are 24 bits.

EDIT:There is a setting in the menu to override the low level muting. The output clips though. See: https://www.audiosciencereview.com/...me-theater-processor-review.11416/post-326504

Jitter was another disappointment:

Monolith by Monoprice HTP-1 16-Channel Home Theater Processor Jitter bug Audio Measurements.png


Wish I could test HDMI but can not. Above spikes are correlated with the 250 Hz square wave that is embedded in J-test signal. This means what bits to feed the DAC changes its analog input! So bits are not bits unfortunately. Fortunately levels are low so likely not audible but in a high-end processor, we better not see artifacts like this.

Conclusions
The HTP-1 seems to want to raise the bar on DAC performance over its competitors and it succeeds a bit there. But then it truncates every 24 bit sample to 16 bits, removing the value of such performance. Jitter performance is also not good. And of course, if you can't get video through the thing as was my experience with my PC, then the rest does not happen.

I am hoping that the muting problem beyond 15 bits can be fixed with a firmware update. If so, and the video compatibility is not a broader issue, I would give HTP-1 a passing grade. As it is now, it is not ready for production.

EDIT: an obscure setting fixes the linearity/muting issue. This setting should be the default, not the other way around. I am still bothered by lack luster output level and distortion for a $4,000 product. So not changing my recommendation. Buy this product because you want its features, not because you think the $4,000 is bringing you superlative objective audio performance. There are $150 stereo DACs that easily outperform it on that front.

------------
As always, questions, comments, recommendations, etc. are welcome.

This is my second review for the day. I now you can be cheap but even you can feel sorry for me by donating money using: https://www.audiosciencereview.com/forum/index.php?threads/how-to-support-audio-science-review.8150/

 

Sours: https://audiosciencereview.com/forum/index.php?threads/monoprice-htp-1-home-theater-processor-review.11416/
  1. Scp old man
  2. Solidworks appearance
  3. Zelda shrines

Surround Processor Reviews


Performance
Features
Ergonomics
Value
PRICE $3,999

AT A GLANCE
Plus
16-channel processing and output
Extensive customization options
Dolby Atmos, DTS:X, Auro-3D support
Dirac Live with Bass Control sub integration
Minus
Setup may intimidate casual users
No onscreen display

THE VERDICT
With support for all key immersive audio formats, 16-channel output, and Dirac Live room correction, the Monolith HTP-1 surround sound processor punches well above its price class.

It's been interesting to watch the evolution of Monoprice in the home theater market following the introduction of its Monolith product line. Monolith encompasses a broad range of components, including speakers, subwoofers, and amplifiers, all produced in partnership with big names in A/V product design and development, and all offering impressive performance at a strikingly low cost. The company's latest market disruptor is the Monolith HTP-1 surround sound processor, a stunning freshman effort that includes features typically seen only on components that cost significantly more than the $3,999 HTP-1.

Design
The HTP-1 is one of the most feature-laden processors I've encountered to date. This 16-channel design supports the latest surround formats including Dolby Atmos, DTS:X, and Auro-3D, and features Dirac Live room correction along with the new Dirac Live Bass Control subwoofer integration and equalization. Monolith's processor is also Roon Tested and fully software- and hardware-upgradeable.

The HTP-1's nice, textured aluminum front plate features a touch-controlled display that can be set to always-on, dimmed to different levels, or switched off entirely. All front-panel operation and setup features can also be accessed from a web browser on a laptop or tablet by navigating to the HTP-1's IP address. This is the first processor I've used that allowed this, and I was really impressed with the capability. Most models instead use an onscreen display, but I found I preferred IP control as it let me make changes on the fly without interrupting what was happening onscreen.

1020mono.bac

The HTP-1's remote control is fairly basic, and its keypad can be hard to navigate in the dark. There's no backlighting and most keys don't provide much in the way of tactile differences. I did appreciate its selection buttons for surround modes and presets, however, along with numerous other features you would normally want to control directly instead of navigating through a setup menu.

1020mono.bac1

Back-panel connections include eight HDMI 2.0b inputs and two full-bandwidth HDMI outputs, including one with eARC. Switching is fast and the HTP-1 doesn't tamper with the video signal, instead simply providing pass-through for up to 4K/60Hz signals with Dolby Vision and Hybrid Log Gamma HDR. There's no multichannel analog input, but a pair of stereo analog RCA inputs are provided along with AES/EBU and three each coaxial and optical digital inputs. There's also a USB type-B audio input, though it was not activated on my review unit. (Monoprice says that USB audio input support will be part of a software update that should be available by the time you're reading this.) The HTP-1's back panel additionally features an Ethernet port, Wi-Fi antenna, and a trigger input and outputs. For audio outputs, the HTP-1 uses balanced XLR connections for all 16 channels plus a single set of stereo RCA jacks.

1020mono.bac2

Setup
To say the HTP-1 is customizable would be a dramatic understatement. Here, the Monolith punches way above its price point, offering a level of setup flexibility I've previously seen only on cost-no-object processors from high-end brands like Trinnov and Datasat. Consequently, those expecting the cut- and-dried setup options found on most processors in the under-$4,000 range are likely to be overwhelmed by the options presented in the HTP-1's setup menus. (I almost feel that its menus may be too dense.) Setup is broken down into different subsections, including speaker, calibration, input options, sound enhancement, connectivity, and more. For the daring, there's also a signal generator that can be used to fine-tune your speakers along with full parametric equalization options for all channels.

The HTP-1's flexible speaker setup options allow for up to six overhead channels, wide channels, and up to five independently adjustable subwoofers. The traditional 7.1-channel surround setup is hard-coded, but the other eight channels can be configured to support different speaker and subwoofer combinations.

Along with manual parametric equalization for all channels, the HTP-1 offers Dirac Live room correction and takes full advantage of the latest iteration of Dirac Live (version 3) with optional Dirac Live Bass Control functionality offered as a paid upgrade ($349 for a single sub, $499 for multiple subs). To run Dirac Live, you'll need to download the Windows/Mac application from the Dirac website to a laptop or desktop computer (Dirac's smartphone app is not supported by the HTP-1). While Monoprice doesn't include a calibrated USB microphone with its processor, Dirac recommends using the MiniDSP UMIK-1 ($75, available at minidsp.com), which is what I used for my review.

This was my first experience using Dirac Live in my own theater, and I was impressed not only with the results, but the high level of customization it offered. Dirac Live is similar to solutions such as Audyssey and ARC, but it offers correction of both frequency response and impulse response in the time domain, and also provides adjustable target curves. It's also the only solution I know of that can correct more than two subwoofers automatically with full time-alignment support. Audyssey can do this with dual subs (if the specific Audyssey version supports SubEQ), but Dirac takes things further by offering correction and time-alignment for up to four independent subwoofers. I used the Dirac Live Bass Control with two independent subwoofer pairs for this review and found the software yielded highly accurate crossover filtering from the main channels, along with better time-alignment of subwoofers than I've been able to achieve in the past with Audyssey—something that had a huge impact on sound quality with both music and movies.

Sours: https://www.soundandvision.com/content/monoprice-monolith-htp-1-surround-sound-processor-review
16ch Monolith HTP-1 Processor is Changing the Home Theater Game!

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Processor monoprice

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Monolith HTP-1 Processor - 16ch Home Theater Processor with DIRAC Live, Dolby Atmos, DTS:X, AURO-3D

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