Type 62 tank

Type 62 tank DEFAULT

Crew

Firepower

HP Damage

mm Armor Penetration

s Min. stun duration

s Max. stun duration

/ / - s Shell autoreloading time

rounds/min Rate of Fire

s Gun reload time

HP/min Damage per Minute

s Aiming Time

m Dispersion at 100 m

pcs Ammo Capacity

pcs Clip capacity

s Salvo preparation time

% Maximum autoreloading boost

Mobility

/ / t Weight/Load Limit

hp Engine Power

hp/t Specific Power

km/h Top Speed

deg/s Traverse Speed

deg Turning angle

deg/s Turret Traverse SpeedGun Traverse Speed

s Switching the engine mode

s Switching to Siege mode

s Switching to Travel mode

s Switching to Rapid mode

s Switching to Cruise mode

Survivability

HP Hit Points

/ / mm Hull Armor

/ / / / mm Turret Armor

s Suspension repair time

Spotting

m View Range

m Signal Range

Time for the successive autoreloading of each shell into the magazine

The improved system allows the time to be decreased for autoreloading the next shell upon firing the loaded shell when the corresponding indicator is displayed

Characteristics are specified for Siege mode.

The technical characteristics are displayed for the charged turbine mode.

Characteristics are specified for Rapid mode.

Reload time of the first and second guns on double-barreled vehicles

Time to repair a damaged main/reserve track

Characteristics are specified for vehicles with crews trained to 100%.

Sours: https://worldoftanks.eu/en/tankopedia/305-Ch02_Type62/

Type 62

cn_type_62.png
GarageImage Type 62.jpg

Type 62

Research:82 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:240 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png

Description

The Type 62 is a rank IV Chinese light tank with a battle rating of 6.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.91 "Night Vision". This Chinese vehicle is identical to the Type 62 originally introduced in the Soviet tree.

The Type 62 is essentially a downsized Type 59/T-54 with much lighter armour and a smaller gun in exchange for increased mobility and a lower profile. It fulfills the role of a light tank quite well, having enough speed to reach good positions and enough firepower to deal with most of its opponents. Flanking, sniping, and ambushes are within the Type 62's capabilities. It does have some quirks, most notably the poor gun handling and somewhat slow reload, but it is still a major improvement over the previous Type 63-I.

Succeeding the Type 62 is the ZBD86, a Chinese variant of the Soviet BMP-1.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back

Hull25 / 25 / 16

Turret50 / 35 / 32

The Type 62's armour is very light for its rank and should not be relied upon against any serious anti-tank fire. Frontal protection is generally sufficient to resist heavy machine guns and possibly smaller autocannons that would have destroyed the previous Type 63-I, but this is not quite the case for the side, rear, and roof armour. Any actual tank cannon will pass right through and the armour is thick enough to trigger the fuses of APHE rounds. The Type 62's best defense is not being seen. That said, it is immune to hull-break and enemy aircraft armed with machine guns or light cannons will have to put some work into destroying it from above, so compared to other light tanks it is quite decent.

The crew layout is essentially the same as the Type 59/T-54, but the tank is so cramped that any penetrating shot is very likely to knock out multiple crew members or potentially the entire tank.

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 35 mm (57°) Front glacis
25 mm (50°) Lower glacis
25 mm 15 mm (7-52°) 20 mm Front
15 mm Engine deck
5 mm Engine grille
Turret 50 mm (9-59°) Turret front
50 mm (2-66°) Gun mantlet
35 mm (11-44°) 32 mm (11-46°) 20 mm
Cupola 30 mm 30 mm 30 mm 20 mmm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick while tracks are 15 mm thick.

Mobility

Speedforward / back

AB78 / 12 km/h

RB and SB70 / 11 km/h

Number of gears5 forward

1 back

Engine power

AB954 hp

RB and SB500 hp

Power-to-weight ratio

AB46.5 hp/t

RB and SB24.4 hp/t

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded StockUpgraded
Arcade 78 12 20.5 775 954 37.8 46.54
Realistic 70 11 442 500 21.56 24.39

The Type 62's mobility is generally very good. It has an impressive power-to-weight ratio, allowing it to accelerate quickly and reach around 45 km/h on offroad terrain. The reverse speed of 11 km/h in Realistic Battles is worse than some other light tanks like the M41A1 or especially the Ru 251, but it is good by Soviet/Chinese standards and allows for reasonably quick retreats into cover. It lacks neutral steering but the hull traverse is decent.

Modifications and economy

Modifications

MobilityProtectionFirepower
Mods new tank traks.png

Tracks

Research:

3 600 Rp icon.png

Cost:

5 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank suspension.png

Suspension

Research:

2 700 Rp icon.png

Cost:

4 400 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank break.png

Brake System

Research:

2 700 Rp icon.png

Cost:

4 400 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank filter.png

Filters

Research:

4 500 Rp icon.png

Cost:

7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank transmission.png

Transmission

Research:

5 800 Rp icon.png

Cost:

9 500 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank engine.png

Engine

Research:

5 800 Rp icon.png

Cost:

9 500 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods tank tool kit.png

Parts

Research:

3 600 Rp icon.png

Cost:

5 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods extinguisher.png

FPE

Research:

2 700 Rp icon.png

Cost:

4 400 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods tank reinforcement cn.png

Crew Replenishment

Research:

4 500 Rp icon.png

Cost:

7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank horizontal aiming.png

Horizontal Drive

Research:

3 600 Rp icon.png

Cost:

5 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png

85mm_APCBC_ammo_pack

Research:

3 600 Rp icon.png

Cost:

5 900 Sl icon.png
190 Ge icon.png
Mods tank cannon.png

Adjustment of Fire

Research:

2 700 Rp icon.png

Cost:

4 400 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png

85mm_HVAP_ammo_pack

Research:

2 700 Rp icon.png

Cost:

4 400 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png

85mm_HEAT_FS_ammo_pack

Research:

2 700 Rp icon.png

Cost:

4 400 Sl icon.png
140 Ge icon.png
Mods new tank vertical aiming.png

Elevation Mechanism

Research:

4 500 Rp icon.png

Cost:

7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods airstrike.png

Airstrike

Research:

4 500 Rp icon.png

Cost:

7 300 Sl icon.png
240 Ge icon.png
Mods art support.png

Artillery Support

Research:

5 800 Rp icon.png

Cost:

9 500 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png
Mods scouting.png

Improved optics

Research:

5 800 Rp icon.png

Cost:

9 500 Sl icon.png
310 Ge icon.png

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: Type-62-85-TC (85 mm)

The Type 62 uses the same cannon as the Type 63-I but boasts a faster reload time, now identical to the T-34-85. It also has better optics (3.5-7.0x zoom) and one extra degree of gun depression for ease of use when sniping or fighting on hilly terrain. The elephant in the room is the very poor turret rotation speed, which unfortunately has not been improved. Be sure to keep the turret pointed towards likely enemy locations and use the hull traverse when needed.

85 mm Type-62-85-TC Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 47 -5°/+22° ±180° N/A 9.52 13.18 16.00 17.69 18.82 9.62 8.51 7.84 7.40
Realistic 5.95 7.00 8.50 9.40 10.0

Ammunition

The Type 62 has the same ammunition selection as the Type 63-I. Two APHE shells are available. The stock BR-365A APHEBC round has low penetration for its rank, but this is compensated by its excellent slope modifiers and high explosive mass. It penetrates other light tanks easily and is the best round to use when flanking. The BR-367 APCBC round has about 30 mm of extra penetration with less than half the TNT equivalent; while this is not a bad tradeoff, in practice it does not frontally penetrate many vehicles that the BR-365A round cannot, and when flanking the lower post-penetration damage is a big drawback. Using one or the other is mostly up to personal taste, though it does not hurt to bring some of both.

The Type 1956 HEAT-FS shell is the most powerful option available to the Type 62, and thankfully it can be unlocked as a Tier 2 modification. 300 mm of flat penetration at any distance with good velocity and angled performance is no joke, capable of nullifying the armour of many heavy tanks. It boasts more TNT equivalent than the HE shell, making it dangerous to hull-breakable targets like the Ru 251 or T92. The main drawbacks are the mediocre post-penetration damage and the tendency to bounce against heavily sloped armour, so aim carefully for important crew members, modules, and ammo racks.

The BR-367P APCR shell has high velocity and better flat penetration than the APHE rounds, but as with other shells of its class, the angled performance and post-penetration damage are awful. It does not have much utility on the Type 62 since both it and the HEAT-FS are Tier 2 modifications; since the HEAT-FS is superior for all practical purposes, it makes sense to grind that out first, at which point the APCR is obsolete.

The stock O-365K HE shell is very weak and should be avoided. It is not even strong enough to hull-break unarmoured trucks reliably and the HEAT-FS is better in all aspects.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
BR-365A APHEBC 135 133 125 115 106 97
BR-367 APCBC 164 162 154 145 136 127
BR-367P APCR 208 203 183 160 140 123
Type 1956 HEAT-FS HEATFS 300 300 300 300 300 300
0-365K HE 10 10 10 10 10 10
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
BR-365A APHEBC 792 9.2 1.2 14 164 48° 63° 71°
BR-367 APCBC 792 9.2 1.2 14 67.76 48° 63° 71°
BR-367P APCR 1,020 5.3 N/A N/A N/A 66° 70° 72°
Type 1956 HEAT-FS HEATFS 845 7 0.05 0.1 822.8 65° 72° 77°
O-365K HE 793 9.54 0 0.1 660 79° 80° 81°

Ammo racks

Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
47 45 (+2) 37 (+10) 31 (+16) 23 (+24) 21 (+26)(+46) No

Notes:

  • Turret empty: 37 (+10)

The Type 62 has poor enough survivability that taking a significant ammo load does not have many negative effects. Emptying out the turret by taking 37 rounds or fewer may increase survivability slightly against targets using APDS or solid shot rounds since it is less likely that a turret penetration will knock out more than 1-2 crew members.

Machine guns

12.7 mm DShK machine gun

Reloadbasic crew → aces

10.4 → 8.0 s

Vertical guidance-2° / 60°

7.62 mm SGMT machine gun (coaxial)

Reloadbasic crew → aces

10.4 → 8.0 s

Main articles: DShK (12.7 mm), SGMT (7.62 mm)

12.7 mm DShK
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Pintle 500 (50) 600 -2°/+60° ±180°
7.62 mm SGMT
Mount Capacity (Belt) Fire rate Vertical Horizontal
Coaxial 2,000 (250) 600 N/A N/A

The pintle mounted DShK is a nifty tool for mowing down lightly armoured vehicles, destroying fences and bushes that get in the way of HEAT-FS rounds, and discouraging enemy fighters that may try to strafe the Type 62. Remember that it has a limited belt capacity of only 50 rounds and the depression is very poor. It is controlled by the loader as opposed to the commander, so it remains operational even if one crew member is lost.

Usage in battles

With its excellent mobility, the Type 62 is great for getting from point to point and setting up ambushes. Avoid getting seen and stick close to concealment and cover. However it is important to note that the reload rate is around the same or even slower than most enemy tanks, so making your first shot count is always going to determine whether you survive the engagement or not. Aiming for the turret or ammo racks of the enemy are great options, as they usually ensure ammo rack detonations or that the enemy won't be able to fire back at you if not. Always have a backup plan in case your shot does not disable the enemy in one hit, which will typically mean moving to cover immediately and waiting for the target to be distracted.

Also note that going on rough terrain and over piles of rubble is not recommended while at risk to be shot at by the enemy, as the gun takes a very long time to adjust in the vertical. With the the HEAT-FS shell, staying at range is also possible, as it is much easier for you to hide your tank from the enemy while not losing accuracy and penetration of the HEAT-FS shell. The good optics are helpful for this HEAT-slinging strategy, but be wary of sniper duels with other light tanks. The Type 62 does not have high-velocity APDS and a quick reload like the T92 and the Ru 251 boasts superior optics and a better muzzle velocity for its own HEAT-FS. These two targets are vulnerable to hull break however and a single successful hit can put them out of commission. The M41 Walker Bulldog used by the USA, Japan, and Germany has excellent optics, APDS, quick reloading, and immunity to hull break but suffers from a large profile and a bouncy suspension. Using the BR-365A APHEBC round against it usually results in an easy one-shot kill.

The hardest tanks to destroy in the Type 62 are large heavy tanks like the T29 and Tiger II (H), as APHEBC and APCBC shells cannot penetrate these tanks from the front. When facing against these tanks, your best option is to get their ammo racks or turret crew from the side while they're busy dealing with your teammates, or, if they see you, quietly relocating and catching them unaware. With the HEAT-FS shell it is possible to even penetrate the King Tiger's upper front plate if they underestimate you and don't angle their hull. Remember that these tanks tend to have their crew members and modules spaced out and it is very important to aim carefully with the HEAT-FS. A tank that has only suffered minor damage with full knowledge of the Type 62's location is very risky.

The Type 62 works best on large, fairly open maps where there are good sightlines. Enemies can be identified from a safe distance, there are often ridgelines or other gentle forms of cover that offer concealment and scouting opportunities, and it is less likely that an enemy will appear suddenly with little time to react. Small, cluttered maps can be painful since urban combat tends to involve enemies suddenly appearing on flanks or around corners, and the Type 62's bad gun handling makes surprise encounters difficult.

The Type 62 has a notable learning curve and it may take a while to adjust to both using the gun and figuring out the best combat tactics. It requires good map knowledge and situational awareness to spot enemies ahead of time and find good hiding and ambush spots. Good shot placement is required with the HEAT-FS rounds and it will take some practice to grow accustomed to the higher zoom and learn the location of ammo racks and other critical modules for enemy tanks. Once mastered, the Type 62 can offer valuable scouting information to teammates and take out targets opportunistically, either up close or from across the map.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good acceleration, can reach fast travel speed quickly
  • Small profile, easier to hide compared to the Type 63-I
  • Better frontal protection than the Type 63-I, cannot be machine-gunned to death from the front
  • Immune to hull-break
  • Access to Type 1956 HEAT-FS round capable of penetrating 300 mm of armour, lethal against even heavy tanks
  • APHEBC shells are great for side shots, can one-shot most tanks at its rank
  • Pintle-mounted 12.7 mm MG can be used for fending off aircraft or light vehicles
  • Decent ammo reserve for its size, 47 shells
  • Good optics, up to 7.0x zoom

Cons:

  • Poor gun handling, turret rotation and elevation speeds are sluggish
  • Thin armour, low crew survivability
  • Somewhat slow reload
  • Bad gun depression
  • No sources of smoke available
  • Reverse speed could be better

History

Development

After World War II, China stayed in a state of conflict as part of the Chinese Civil War, pitting the Chinese Nationalists against the Communists. The Communist Party were victorious and they established the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 01 October 1949. In 14 February 1950, the Chinese signed an alliance treaty with the Soviet Union, which allowed the Soviet Union to support China economically and militarily, leading to many money loans and arms trade. One of the weapons given in arms trade was the Soviet's new main battle tank, the T-54. The tank became the basis of the Soviet's aid in building up China's tank manufacturing facility in 1956, starting with Soviet-made parts before transitioning to Chinese parts. The T-54 tank design was then accepted into the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1959 as the Type 59.

While accepted as the main tank of the PLA, the Type 59 was deemed too heavy for some of the terrain and infrastructure on China. A light tank design was requested in the late 1950s, leading to the formal development process in 1958. The first prototype was produced in 1960 as the Type 59-16, which was essentially a down-scaled Type 59 with an 85 mm armament, thinner armour, and smaller profile. Trials commenced until December 1962, when it was accepted as the Type 62, production name WZ 131. It was then put into production in 1963 with roughly 1,393 tank units produced until 1989.

Combat Usage

The Type 62 light tank was primarily stationed with military units in Southern China where the infrastructure is not as sophisticated. However, the Type 62 would not see its first usage in Chinese hands. A number of them was supplied to the North Vietnamese Army during the Vietnam War, which they used against America and South Vietnam until the end of the war in 1975. The Type 62 then saw use again in 1979 in Vietnam, but mostly in Chinese hands in the Sino-Vietnamese War. However, the Type 62 suffered due to anti-tank weapons such as the ubiquitous rocket launchers penetrating right through the thin armour. The overall consensus of their experiences in Vietnam was that the Type 62 not suitable to act around as a normal tank due to its light armour and armament, and was relegated to recon and fire support.

An upgrade program commenced on the Type 62 led to the Type 62-I variant. The program was based on the experiences in Vietnam, leading to many upgrades such as a laser range finder, a shield for the exterior-mounted 12.7 mm machine gun, and protection against HEAT rounds. The second modernization program began in 2000 to upgrade the Type 62-I into Type 62G which improved the armour layout and turret design of the tank, as well as adding smoke dischargers and a new 105 mm main armament with a modern stabilizer and fire-control system. The Type 62 stayed in the Chinese service up until early 2013.

The Type 62 also saw exportation to many countries, ranging from Albania, Banglades, Cambodia, Congo, Mali, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, North Korea, and Zaire. In some cases, such as in North Korea, this led to confusions between the Soviet's T-62 main battle tank due to the labeling of the Type 62 as simply "T-62". Information of the Type 62 in these countries are rather limited or unknown, though most of them seem to still have them in reserves today.

Media

Skins
Videos

The Type 62 Is Hard - First Impression - RedFang

See also

Vehicles equipped with the same chassis

External links



Sours: https://wiki.warthunder.com/Type_62
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Type 62 Light Tank

Gallery

Type 62 front viewType 62 blackout and road lightsChinese Type 62 light tank

Type 62 early
Type 62 of the early production in Southern China, 1963

Type-62
PLA Type 62 in Lạng Sơn, 55th or 42nd Corps, North Vietnam, Sino-Vietnamese war of 1979.

NVA Type 62
North Vietnamese Type 62, Têt offensive, 1968.

Cambodian Type 62
Cambodian Type 62.

Type 62 from Laos
Type 62 from Laos (according to the China defence blog). Possibly inherited from the NVA forces.

Cambodian Type 62
Congolese Type 62, apparently retaining its green livery, with no markings and no gun mantlet canvas protection.

Type 62-I
Type 62-I (early-production) in the early 1980s.

Type 62-I 1990
Type 62-I (late-production) in the 1990s.

Type 62GType 62 G in 2005 (saw in CCTV, possibly of the organic recce unit of the Guangzhou MR artillery regiment.
Sours: https://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/coldwar/China/type-62.php
War Thunder: Type 62 Super Unicorn Review

Crew

Firepower

HP Damage

mm Armor Penetration

s Min. stun duration

s Max. stun duration

/ / - s Shell autoreloading time

rounds/min Rate of Fire

s Gun reload time

HP/min Damage per Minute

s Aiming Time

m Dispersion at 100 m

pcs Ammo Capacity

pcs Clip capacity

s Salvo preparation time

% Maximum autoreloading boost

Mobility

/ / t Weight/Load Limit

hp Engine Power

hp/t Specific Power

km/h Top Speed

deg/s Traverse Speed

deg Turning angle

deg/s Turret Traverse SpeedGun Traverse Speed

s Switching the engine mode

s Switching to Siege mode

s Switching to Travel mode

s Switching to Rapid mode

s Switching to Cruise mode

Survivability

HP Hit Points

/ / mm Hull Armor

/ / / / mm Turret Armor

s Suspension repair time

Spotting

m View Range

m Signal Range

Time for the successive autoreloading of each shell into the magazine

The improved system allows the time to be decreased for autoreloading the next shell upon firing the loaded shell when the corresponding indicator is displayed

Characteristics are specified for Siege mode.

The technical characteristics are displayed for the charged turbine mode.

Characteristics are specified for Rapid mode.

Reload time of the first and second guns on double-barreled vehicles

Time to repair a damaged main/reserve track

Characteristics are specified for vehicles with crews trained to 100%.

Sours: https://worldoftanks.asia/en/tankopedia/305-Ch02_Type62/

62 tank type

Type 62

AnnoCh02_Type62.png

The Type 62 is a Chinese tier 7 premiumlight tank.

The development of a lightweight version of the Type 59 tank was started in 1957. The new tank was designed to fight in the mountainous and boggy terrain of South China. The first prototype was built in 1962. Later the vehicle underwent several modernizations.

The Type 62 was made available from the gift shop (Last available for purchase March 4-7, 2017). It has also been given away as an award tank (usually as second prize to the Type 59), and was given away as a mission tank for completing the month long medium mission 25 times from September 1st to October 8th of 2014. Designed as a light tank and by all means an appearance almost like the Type 59, but that's as far as the comparison goes. In terms of performance, this premium tank comes equipped with a 85mm gun with decent penetration, accuracy (better than its tech-tree counterpart, the WZ-131) and reload, which is well suited for flanking tactics, firing on the move or sniping the sides and rear of enemy tanks. It has better mobility and acceleration than the Type 59 with a top speed of 60 km/h. However, the armor is very weak despite having the same frontal slopes as the 59 and its not enough to protect the tank from incoming fire from most sources.

The Type 62 also shares the same module weaknesses as the Type 59, with a large ammunition rack at the back of the turret. It is not uncommon to find frontal hits to the turret damage both the gun and the ammunition rack. Despite this heartfelt weakness, the Type 62 can be a solid support tank as a good flanker and artillery hunter when the opportunity presents. It also earns very good credit income and its repair cost is very low unlike any other light tanks.

It used to see tier 10 battles but after the 9.18 update, all light tanks received the same matchmaking as other tank classes, and the Type 62 now only sees up to tier 9.

Sours: http://wiki.wargaming.net/en/Tank:Ch02_Type62
War Thunder: Type 62 Super Unicorn Review

Type 62

Country of originChina
Entered service1963
Crew4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight21 t
Length (gun forward)7.9 m
Hull length 5.55 m
Width 2.86 m
Height2.25 m
Armament
Main gun85 mm rifled
Machine guns2 x 7.62 mm, 1 x 12.7 mm
Elevation range- 4 to + 20 degrees
Traverse range360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun47 rounds
Machine guns1 750 x 7.62 mm, 1 250 x 12.7 mm
Mobility
Engine12150L-3 diesel
Engine power430 hp
Maximum road speed60 km/h
Range510 km
Maneuverability
Gradient60%
Side slope40%
Vertical step0.7 m
Trench2.55 m
Fording1.3 m

 

   The Type 62 light tank was developed in early 1960s. The first prototype was finished in 1962 and production commenced the next year. It was intended for Chinese ground units, deployed in mountain and river regions, also for naval infantry units. Around 800 of these light tanks were built. Chinese army decommissioned these light tanks in 2011 after nearly 50 years of service. The Type 62 remains operational with Albania, Bangladesh, Congo, Mali, North Korea, Sudan, Tanzania, Vietnam and Zaire.

   In early 1960s Chinese engineers had no experience developing tanks. The Type 62 is virtually a scaled-down Type 59 medium tank, which in turn is a copy of Soviet T-54. The Type 62 was also fitted with a smaller 85 mm gun instead of the 100 mm gun. It also had simplified equipment to reduce dimensions and weight.

   Armor of the Type 62 light tank is relatively thin. It protects only from small arms bullets and artillery splinters. These tanks were fitted with automatic fire extinguishing system, but lacked NBC protection system. Combat experience showed that the Type 62 tanks are highly vulnerable on the battlefield to all anti-tank weapons.

   Vehicle is fitted with a non-stabilized 85 mm rifled gun. A total of 47 rounds for the main gun are carried. Maximum range of effective fire is only 1 200 meters. Accuracy of the Type 62 is poor as it lacks fire control system or night vision equipment. Only simple optical sights are used for aiming. Late production models were fitted with laser rangefinders.

   Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun, ranging 7.62 mm machine gun and roof-mounted 12.7 mm heavy machine gun.

   The Type 62 has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   Vehicle is powered by 12150L-3 diesel engine, developing 430 horsepower. The same engine is used on the Type 59 medium tank, but was derated from 520 hp.

 

Variants

 

   Type 62-I is an upgraded variant of the Type 62. This upgrade was applied in early 1980s and a total of 33 improvements were made. Vehicles were fitted with protection racks and side skirts. Protective shield was added to the roof mounted 12.7 mm heavy machine gun. Laser rangefinder was added for better accuracy. Most of Chinese Type 62 tanks were upgraded to this standard.

   Type 62G is a most recent upgrade, featuring new welded turret and fitted with explosive reactive armor.

   GJT 211 armored earthmover, based on the Type 62 chassis.

 

 

Sours: http://www.military-today.com/tanks/type_62.htm

Similar news:

NORINCO Type 62 (WZ131)

Specifications



Origin

China national flag graphic
China



China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China

(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)

✓Engineering
Onboard systems provide solutions to accomplish a variety of battlefield engineering tasks. ✓Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems. ✓Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.


Weight

46,297 lb
21,000 kg

(Showcased structural values pertain to the NORINCO Type 62 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)

Powerplant: 1 x 12150L-3 V-12 liquid-cooled, diesel-fueled engine developing 430 horsepower at 1,800rpm driving a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.

Speed

37.3 mph
(60.0 kph)

Range

310.7 mi
(500.0 km)

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the NORINCO Type 62 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)

1 x 85mm Type 62-85TC rifled main gun in frontal turret face.
1 x 7.62mm Type 59T co-axial machine gun in turret frontal face.
1 x 7.62mm Type 59T bow-mounted machine gun (limited firing arcs).
1 x 12.7mm Type 54 Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof (optional)
Modern models given 8 x Smoke grenade dischargers in two banks of four launchers.



Supported Types



Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)

47 x 85mm projectiles.
1,750 x 7.62mm ammunition.
1,250 x 12.7mm ammunition.
8 x Smoke grenades (if equipped).


Type 62 (WZ131) - Base production model.
Type 59-16 - Prototype Designation.
Type 62 (APC) - Armored Personnel Carrier conversion.
Type 62 (engineer) - Battlefield Engineering Vehicle.
Type 62 (ARV) - Armored Recovery Vehicle
Type 62 (SPG) - Self-Propelled Gun conversion.
Type 62-I (WZ131A) - Upgraded Type 62; 85mm 85TC rifled main gun; shielded 12.7mm gun installation; external laser range finder.
Type 62-I (late) - hull side skirts; turret storage racks.
Type 62G - Improved Type 62; welded flate-plate turret; inproved armor protection; 8 x smoke grenade dischargers; night vision; fire-control system.
Type 70 - Rebuilt Type 62 models; improved fire control system; subtle revisions; improvements from previous Type 62 models.
Type 79 - Proposed Armored Recovery Vehicle
GJT 211 - Bulldozer conversion model
Type 82 / GSL 131 - Mine Clearing Vechicle based on the GJT 211.


Sours: https://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.php?armor_id=172


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