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Find cheap bus tickets from Las Vegas, NV to Mariposa, CA

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Sours: https://www.busbud.com/en/bus-las-vegas-mariposa/r/9qqjgc-9qdtme

Sands Hotel and Casino

An historic American hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada, United States, that operated from 1952 to 1996

"Sands Casino" redirects here. For other uses, see Sands Casino (disambiguation).

"The Sands" redirects here. For other uses, see Sands (disambiguation).

The Sands Hotel and Casino was a historic American hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada, United States, that operated from 1952 to 1996. Designed by the architect Wayne McAllister, with a prominent 56-foot (17 m) high sign, the Sands was the seventh resort to open on the Strip. During its heyday, it hosted many famous entertainers of the day, most notably the Rat Pack and Jerry Lewis.

The hotel was established in 1952 by Mack Kufferman,[1] who bought the LaRue Restaurant which had opened a year earlier.[1] The hotel was opened on December 15, 1952 as a casino and hotel with 200 rooms. The hotel rooms were divided into four two-story motel wings, each with fifty rooms, and named after famous race tracks. Crime bosses such as Doc Stacher[1] and Meyer Lansky acquired shares in the hotel and attracted Frank Sinatra, who made his performing debut at Sands in October 1953. Sinatra later bought a share in the hotel himself. In 1960, the classic caper film Ocean's 11 was shot at the hotel, and it subsequently attained iconic status,[2] with regular performances by Sinatra, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, Sammy Davis Jr., Red Skelton and others, who performed regularly in the hotel's world-renowned Copa Room.

In 1966, Sands opened a 500-room tower.[3] In 1967, Sands became the first of several Las Vegas hotels to be purchased by Howard Hughes.[3] Its final owners were Sheldon Adelson, Richard Katzeff, Ted Bernard, Irwin Chafetz, and Jordan Shapiro. After buying out his partners, Adelson shut it down to build a brand new resort. On November 26, 1996, the Sands was imploded and demolished, and The Venetian built in its place.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The LaRue Restaurant was established in December 1950 by Billy Wilkerson.[4] The following year, Mack Kufferman bought LaRue, with plans to build a hotel & casino.[1] Kufferman failed to gain a gaming license, and his shares in the project were sold to Jake Freedman.[1] Numerous sources state that organized crime figures Meyer Lansky and Joseph "Doc" Stracher; illegal bookmakers like Mike Shapiro,[a]Ed Levinson, and Sid Wyman; as well as Hyman Abrams and Jack Entratter.[12] were involved in the financing of Sands and had shares in it. Lansky and his mob assumed ownership of the Flamingo Hotel after the murder of Bugsy Siegel in 1947, and Lansky and New York mobster Frank Costello also had business interests in the Thunderbird Hotel and El Cortez Club in Downtown Las Vegas.

Advert for the opening in 1952

Construction began on Sands Hotel in early 1952, built to a design by Wayne McAllister. Trousdale Construction Company of Los Angeles was the general contractor.[13] Freedman had initially intended naming the hotel "Holiday Inn" after the film of the same name starring Bing Crosby, but after noticing that his socks became so full of sand decided to name it Sands. The tag line would be "A Place in the Sun", named after a recently released film starring Montgomery Clift and Elizabeth Taylor, and quite suitable to the hot desert location of Las Vegas. The hotel was opened on December 15, 1952[15] as a casino with 200 rooms, and was established less than three months after the opening of another prominent landmark, Sahara Hotel and Casino. The opening was widely publicized, and the hotel was visited by some 12,000 people within a few hours. At the inauguration were 146 journalists and special guests such as Arlene Dahl, Fernando Lamas, Esther Williams, and Terry Moore. Every guest was given a Chamois bag with silver dollars, and Sands ended up losing $200,000 within the first eight hours.[4]Danny Thomas, Jimmy McHugh and the Copa Girls, labelled "the most beautiful girls in the world", performed in the Copa Room on opening night, and Ray Sinatra and his Orchestra were the initial house band. Thomas was hired to perform for the first two weeks, but strained his voice on the second night and developed laryngitis,[17] and was replaced with performers such as Jimmy Durante, Frankie Laine, Jane Powell, the Ritz Brothers, and Ray Anthony.

Jack Entratter, who was formerly in charge of the New York nightclub, the Copacabana, became the hotel's manager. Entratter made many show business friends during his time at the nightclub; he was able to use these connections to sign performers for the Sands Copa Room. Entratter was also able to offer entertainers an additional incentive to perform at the Sands. Headlining stars received "points", or a percentage of ownership in the hotel and casino.[18] Entratter's personally selected "Copa Girls" wore $12,000 worth of costumes on the hotel's opening night; this surpassed the salary of the Copa Room's star, Danny Thomas.[19]

In the early years, Freedman and his wife Carolyn were one of its attractions, wearing "matching white, leather outfits, replete with identical cowboy boots and hats". Freedman offered Carolyn's father Nathan a 5% stake in Sands but he declined the offer.

The Rat Pack and racial policy[edit]

Lansky and Costello brought the Sands to Frank Sinatra's attention, and he began staying at the hotel and gambling there during breaks from Hollywood, though some sources state that he was not a hardcore gambler. Sinatra earned a notoriety for "keeping his winnings and ignoring his gambling losses", but the mobsters running the hotel were not too concerned because Sinatra was great for business. He made his debut performing at the hotel on October 4, 1953, after an invitation by the manager Jack Entratter.[25] Sinatra typically played at Sands three times a year, sometimes a two-week stint, which "brought in the big rollers, a lot of oil money from Texas". The big rollers left Vegas when Sinatra did, and other performers were reluctant to perform after him, feeling intimidated.

Entratter replaced Freedman as the president of the Sands Hotel following his death from heart surgery on January 20, 1958. Freedman's last wife Sadie subsequently lived in a suite in the Belmont Park wing into the mid 1960s until her death. Sinatra, who had attempted to buy a share in the hotel soon after first visiting in 1953, but was denied by the Nevada Tax Commission, was now granted permission to buy a share in the hotel, due to his phenomenal impact upon business in Las Vegas. His share, variously described as from 2 to 9%, aided Freedman's wife in paying off her husband's gambling debts.[b]

In 1955, limited integration came to heavily segregated Las Vegas when the Sands first allowed Nat King Cole to stay at the hotel and perform.[2] Sinatra noticed that he never saw Cole in the dining room, always eating his meals in solitude in his dressing room. When he asked his valet George to find out why, he learned that "Coloreds aren't allowed in the dining room at the Sands". Sinatra subsequently stated that if blacks were not permitted to eat their meals in the dining room with everybody else he would see to it that all of the waiters and waitresses were fired, and invited Cole to dine with him the following evening. Cole was allowed permission into the casino, as was another black performer, Harry Belafonte, who took a more aggressive approach by walking into the casino on his own accord and sitting at a blackjack table, which was not challenged by the bosses. Belafonte became the "first black man to play cards on the Las Vegas Strip."

Sammy Davis Jr. was instrumental in bringing about a general change in policy. When the Will Mastin Trio began performing at Sands in 1958, Davis informed Entratter that his father and uncle must be allowed permission to stay at Sands while he was performing there. Entratter granted them permission but continued his objection to admitting other black guests.[29] In 1961, an African-American couple entered the lobby of the hotel and were blocked by the security guard, witnessed by Sinatra and Davis. Sinatra told the guards that they were his guests and let them into the hotel. Sinatra subsequently swore profusely on the phone to Sands executive Carl Cohen at how ridiculous the situation was, and the following day, Davis approached Entratter and demanded that Sands begin employing blacks. Shortly afterwards the hotel changed its policy and it began hiring black waiters and busboys and permitting blacks entry into the casino.[29]

In the late 1950s, SenatorJohn F. Kennedy was occasionally a guest of Sinatra at the Sands. Arguably the hotel's biggest claim to fame was a three-week period in 1960 during the filming of Ocean's 11, after which it attained iconic status. During that time, the movie's stars Sinatra, Dean Martin, Davis, Joey Bishop and Peter Lawford performed on stage together in the Copa Room. The performances were called the "Summit at the Sands" and this is considered to be the birth of the Rat Pack.[18][30]

Later history[edit]

When Howard Hughes purchased the hotel in the mid-1960s for $14.6 million,[4] the architect Martin Stern Jr. designed a 500-room circular tower, which opened in 1967. The tower was built by R. C. Johnson and Associates General Contractors. The hotel became a Las Vegas landmark. Hughes grew particularly annoyed every time the Rat Pack were in his hotel, due to a hatred of Frank Sinatra which stemmed from the fact that he had been in love with Ava Gardner in the 1950s and she had run off to marry him. The ill feeling was reciprocated by Sinatra. Hughes plotted to oust Sinatra from the Sands for good, and asked Robert Maheu to draw up a plan shortly after the new hotel opened in 1967. The hotel imposed restrictions on what Sinatra could gamble in the casino, to just $3,000 a night. Under previous management, Sinatra had no limits on the amount of credit extended to him by the Sands casino. His IOUs, chits or "markers" were torn up at the end of Sinatra's engagements because he was considered to be good for business—bringing the hotel more monetary value than the worth of his gambling losses.[33] Hughes put a stop to this system, telling Jack Entratter to inform Sinatra of the new policy; Entratter did not do so because he was afraid.[34][c][d]

Fuming, Sinatra began what The Los Angeles Times describes as a "weekend-long tirade" against the "hotel's management, employees and security forces."[37] The FBI report says the incident began when Mia Farrow lost $20,000 at the Sands casino. Sinatra bought $50,000 in chips and made an attempt to win the money back. He lost this sum within a short period of time. Sinatra then asked for credit, which was denied.[38] It culminated when Sinatra reportedly drove a golf cart through the window of the coffee shop where casino manager Carl Cohen was seated and began "screaming obscenities and anti-Semitic remarks" at Cohen.[e] Sinatra reportedly punched Cohen, a heavily built man, who responded with a smack in the mouth, bloodying Sinatra's nose and knocking two of his teeth out.[f] As a result, Sinatra never performed at the Sands again while Hughes owned it, and began performing at Caesars Palace. A number of the staff were not disappointed to see Sinatra leave the Sands. Numerous employees had been humiliated or intimidated over the years, including a busboy Sinatra tripped while he was carrying a tray with dishes.[g] After Sinatra left, the mobsters pulled out of the Sands and gradually left Vegas in the 1970s. In the 1970s, it became associated with the likes of Wayne Newton and Liberace.[45] At this time, some 30% of the performers at Sands were Italian Americans. Frank Gagliardi became the drummer for the house orchestra in 1964, starting a twelve-year tenure.

In 1968, Hughes stated that he intended to expand Sands into a 4,000-room resort, but his plans did not materialize.[2] In 1983, Hughes' company, the Summa Corporation, sold the Sands to the Pratt Corporation, but subsequently bought it back as they were unable to make a profit.[2]MGM Grand, Inc. bought the hotel along with the neighboring Desert Inn in 1988 for a total of $167 million,[47] and the property became known as the MGM Sands.[48] The next year, MGM sold it for $110 million to Las Vegas Sands, a new company formed by the owners of The Interface Group, including Sheldon Adelson, Richard Katzeff, Ted Cutler, Irwin Chafetz and Jordan Shapiro.[49][50] The same year, it was licensed by the Nevada Gaming Commission, and Adelson became a casino magnate. In the early 1990s, Adelson built the Sands Expo, a 1-million-square-foot (93,000 m2) convention centre.[2]

In its final years, the Sands became a shadow of its former self — a throwback to the old days - and it ultimately could not compete with the newer and more exciting mega-resort that were being built on the Strip. However, a 1990s travel guide stated that the hotel gardens and pool area still retained the ambiance of the classic Sands days. The decision was eventually made by its final owner, Sheldon Adelson, to shut it down and to build a brand new resort. The last dice in the casino was rolled by Bob Stupak just after 6pm on June 30, 1996.[4] On November 26, 1996, it was imploded and demolished, much to the dismay of longtime employees and sentimentalists. Footage of the demolition also appeared in the closing credits of The Cooler. The climactic plane crash in 1997's Con Air ended with the aircraft crashing into the soon-to-be-demolished Sands' lobby.

On May 3, 1999, the new $1.5 billion megaresort The Venetian opened where the Sands had formerly been, a 35-story hotel with 3,036 rooms, covering an area of 17 million sq ft (1.6 million m2).[4] It became the largest AAA Five-Diamond landmark in North America.

Architecture[edit]

Sands Hotel and Casino in the early 1960s

Wayne McAllister designed the original $5.5 million Sands Hotel, an exotic-looking terracotta red-painted modern hotel with a prominent porte cochere at the front, surrounded by a zig-zag wall ornamented with tiled planters. The hotel is arguably most associated with its 56 feet (17 m) high sign, made iconic with photographs of the Rat Pack standing underneath it. The name "Sands", written in elegant italics, featured a 36 feet (11 m) high letter "S", and the name was sprawled across an egg crate grill, cantilevered from a pillar. The sign was receptive to the light and shadow of the desert, and during night time it was lit up, glowing neon red. It was the tallest sign on the strip for a number of years. Beneath "Sands" was the tagline "A Place in the Sun", written in smaller capital letters. Below that was the billing of the names of the performers appearing at Sands, very often photographed displaying names such as Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, Sammy Davis Jr. and Red Skelton in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Author Alan Hess wrote that the "sleek Modernism of the Sands leaped past the Flamingo to set a higher standard of sophistication for Las Vegas. For the first time, the sign was an integral part of the architectural design."

The Aqueduct building in 1963

The porte-cochère of the hotel featured three great sharp-edged pillars jutting out in front of the glass-fronted building, angling down into the ground, which resembled fins. The two-story glass walled entry was bordered by a wall of imported Italian marble, and above the entrance area was a horizontal plane with copper lights suspended from the beams.[58] Rather than being polished, the marble was unusual in that it was rough and grained. Natural and stained cork was used throughout the building.[58] A.J. Leibling of The New Yorker described the hotel in 1953: "The main building of the Sands is a great rectangular hall, with the reception desk in one corner, slot machines along one long wall and a bar and cocktail lounge, complete with Latin trio, along the opposite wall. In the middle is a jumble of roulette and craps tables and 21 layouts."[4] The casino, of substantial size, was accessed by three sets of terrazzo stairs, and was lit by low-hanging chandeliers. The bar featured bas-reliefs with a Western theme, including cowboys, racing wagons and Joshua trees, designed by Allan Stewart of Claremont College, California.[58] The Garden Room restaurant overlooked the hotel's pool and landscaped grounds.[2]

Revised marquee and tower, final configuration c. July 1996 prior to implosion

The 200 guest rooms of the original hotel were divided into four two-story motel wings, each with fifty rooms, and named after famous race tracks. They were set out in a hacienda style, and surrounded by a half-moon shaped pool.[4] The suites were luxuriously designed. Plush blue carpets and ivory colored chairs with white ceilings were the norm in the early days. An electric tram service, often attended by pretty showgirls, took the guests to their rooms.[61] A 14-story tower commenced construction in late 1965,[4] and was opened in 1967. It existed until November 1996 when it was demolished.

The steam room of the hotel was a place of relaxation and good jest. It became a great place for socializing between the stars after 5 pm,[4] including the Rat Pack, and Jerry Lewis, Steve Lawrence and Don Rickles. On one occasion they were having problems with the TV in the massage room, which was blurry and out of focus. Sinatra yelled "Move back, move back", and the television was thrown into the pool. Manager Entratter permitted such activities, knowing that if he scolded Sinatra and asked him to pay damages he would not perform at Sands again.

Copa Room[edit]

The Copa Room was the showroom of Sands, named after the famed Copacabana Club in New York City. It contained 385 seats, designed in a Brazilian carnival style.[17] Some of the more famed singers like Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, and Sammy Davis Jr. had to sign contracts to ensure that they headline for a given number of weeks a year. Performers were extremely well paid for the period. It was common for some of them to be paid $25,000 per week, playing two shows a night, six days a week, and once on a Sunday for two to three weeks.

The greatest names in the entertainment industry graced the stage of the Copa Room. Notable performers included Judy Garland,Lena Horne (one of the first black performers at the hotel, billed as "The Satin Doll"), Jimmy Durante,Dean Martin, Pat Cooper, Shirley MacLaine, Marlene Dietrich,Tallulah Bankhead,Shecky Greene,Martin and Lewis, Danny Thomas, Bobby Darin,Ethel Merman, Rich Little,[72]Louis Armstrong,Jerry Lee Lewis, Nat King Cole, Robert Merrill,[74] Wayne Newton, Red Skelton, and "The Copa Girls". Hollywood celebrities such as Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall,[77]Elizabeth Taylor, Yul Brynner, Kirk Douglas,Lucille Ball and Rosalind Russell were often photographed enjoying the headline acts.

A number of notable albums were recorded in the Copa Room. Among them are Dean Martin's Live At The Sands - An Evening of Music, Laughter and Hard Liquor, Frank Sinatra's Sinatra at the Sands, and Sammy Davis, Jr.'s The Sounds of '66 and That's All!. The Rat Pack: Live at the Sands, a CD released in 2001, features Martin, Sinatra and Davis in a live performance at the hotel recorded in September 1963.[80]Live at the Sands is an album featuring Mary Wilson, formerly of The Supremes.Morrissey's B-side track, "At Amber" (1990), takes place at the Sands Hotel, and recounts its by-then aging and somewhat seedy atmosphere. Much of the musical success of the Copa Room is credited to the room's band leader and musical conductor Antonio Morelli. Morelli not only acted as the band leader and musical conductor for the Copa Room during the hotel's Rat Pack heyday in the 1950s and 1960s, but he also played that role on hundreds of recorded albums by those same entertainers who graced the stage of the Copa. Often the festivities would carry over after hours to Morrelli's home in Las Vegas, nicknamed "The Morelli House", which was eventually relocated and sanctioned an historical landmark by the State of Nevada.[83]

Silver Queen Lounge[edit]

The Silver Queen Lounge was another performing venue at Sands, with nightly acts starting at 5:00 pm and running until 6:00 am. It was particularly popular with the emerging rock 'n' roll crowd. The Sands is where Freddie Bell and the Bell Boys performed the rock 'n' roll-song "Hound Dog", seen by Elvis Presley. After Presley saw that performance at The Sands, he decided to record the song himself, and it became a hit for him. Roberta Linn and the Melodaires and Gene Vincent were also regular performers.

[edit]

  1. ^Michael (Mike) Shapiro was a Los Angeles bookmaker.[8] He had been associated with Hymie Miller and Sam Boss in a bookmaking establishment called "Western Commissions" on Washington Boulevard in Los Angeles.[9] In 1952, he was a co-owner of record of the Sands hotel, as were Eddie Levinson, Eddie Torres, Hyman Abrams, Chicago racketeer Malcolm Clarke, St. Louis bookie Sid Wyman and Louis Lederer.[8] In 1956, he was one of the gambling licencees for the Fremont Hotel in downtown Las Vegas with a 6% ($150,000) stake.[10]
  2. ^Under Entratter's "points" system, entertainers earned more of a percentage in the Sands by frequent performing appearances at the hotel. The more frequently someone performed there, the more his or her "points" would increase. Over time, Sinatra's appearances brought his share of the venue up to 9 %.[18] Sinatra was ordered to sell his interest in the Sands in 1963, due to his association with Sam Giancana.[26]
  3. ^Sinatra came to his September 1967 engagement at the Sands with the expectation that new owner Howard Hughes would relieve him of his ownership in the Cal Neva Lodge & Casino in Lake Tahoe. Sinatra had long wanted to sell his interest in the property and reasoned that since he was an asset to the Sands' business, Hughes would buy his Cal-Neva shares in the interest of keeping the star happy. Hughes declined to buy Sinatra's shares and would not acknowledge Sinatra's phone calls. An angry Sinatra left the hotel for his Palm Springs home and the Sands had no headlining star for its Labor Day weekend. Jack Entratter was able to get Sammy Davis Jr., Della Reese, Nancy Ames and other entertainers to fill in for the missing Sinatra. Sinatra returned to the Sands after the Labor Day weekend and promptly asked for US$1,000 credit, which was denied on orders of Hughes. At the time of the golf cart incident, Sinatra was aware that the practice of the Sands extending him credit had ended.[35] After Sinatra signed a contract with Caesar's Palace, it was announced that Caesar's Palace had purchased the Sinatra Cal-Neva shares.[33]
  4. ^Frank Sinatra was not the first Rat Pack member to leave the Sands; Dean Martin signed a contract with The Riviera shortly after Hughes became the Sands' owner.[36]
  5. ^Sinatra also destroyed the Sands penthouse apartment he was staying in during his engagement there.[38][40]
  6. ^Entertainer Paul Anka, who is also the author of Sinatra's "signature song", My Way, was at the Sands at the time and witnessed the incident. His account describes Sinatra as having had too much to drink when he drove the golf cart into the plate glass window of the Sands; Sinatra's wife, Mia Farrow, was his passenger. Sinatra then tried to set fire to sofas and curtains in the hotel's lobby, but was not successful at starting a fire. When he was denied credit to continue gambling, Sinatra climbed onto a gaming table and declared that he would tear the hotel down to sand when he was done. Since this was taking place at around 1:30 am local time, casino manager Carl Cohen was awakened. Cohen went to the hotel's coffee shop where he hoped to reason with Sinatra. Sinatra became angry during Cohen's explanation and upset the table where Cohen was seated. Cohen was scalded with hot coffee and it was then that he punched Sinatra in the mouth.
  7. ^Many newspapers printed editorials supportive of Carl Cohen's actions. The New Hampshire newspaper, The Portsmouth Herald ran an editorial entitled "Carl Cohen for President?"[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcdeSchwartz, David G. (2020). At the Sands. Winchester Books.
  2. ^ abcdef"Sands Hotel". Onlinenevada.org. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  3. ^ ab"Index of hotels, motels, casinos, race books". Vintage Las Vegas. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  4. ^ abcdefghiGoertler, Pam (Fall 2007). "The Las Vegas Strip: The Early Years"(PDF). Casino Chip and Token News. pp. 33–37. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  5. ^ abRandlett 1999, p. 191.
  6. ^Investigation of organized crime in interstate commerce. Hearings before a Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce, United States Senate, Eighty-first Congress, second session, 1950–1951, retrieved December 19, 2015
  7. ^"Fremont Hotel & Casino", Over50Vegas, retrieved December 19, 2015
  8. ^Moehring, Eugene P. (May 1, 2000). Resort City In The Sunbelt, Second Edition: Las Vegas, 1930-2000. University of Nevada Press. ISBN .
  9. ^"Sands Hotel and Casino Sign in Las Vegas Was Mid-Century Perfection – Invisible Themepark". Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  10. ^Koch, Ed; Manning, Mary; Toplikar, Dave (May 15, 2008). "Showtime: How Sin City evolved into 'The Entertainment Capital of the World'". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  11. ^ ab"Country's Top Act Spot Now Las Vegas". Billboard. December 27, 1952. p. 3. ISSN 0006-2510.
  12. ^ abcWeatherford, Mike (February 7, 1999). "Frank Sinatra". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  13. ^"Jack Entratter and the Copa Girls". University of Nevada. Las Vegas. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  14. ^"Sands 'Summit' at Nevada State Museum concludes 'Copa Connection' series". Las Vegas Review-Journal. October 23, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  15. ^"Sinatra Hit in Mouth in Vegas Melee". The Times (San Mateo, California). September 12, 1967. p. 8. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  16. ^ abLand & Land 2004, p. 148.
  17. ^Scott, Cathy (November 26, 1996). "Rat Pack made Sands 'the place'". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  18. ^ ab"Sinatra Enraged". Ukiah Daily Journal. September 12, 1967. p. 5. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  19. ^Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" (July 3, 1975). "Jimmy Despises Casino Gambling". San Antonio Express. p. 8. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  20. ^Shearer. Lloyd (October 15, 1967). "How to Keep Stars Happy". Parade Magazine. p. 9. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  21. ^Laytner, Ron (January 26, 1972). "Howard Hughes Likes to Play Secret Agent". El Paso Herald-Post. p. 13. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  22. ^"Ex-Casino Executive Carl Cohen; Noted for Punching Frank Sinatra". The Los Angeles Times. December 30, 1986. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  23. ^ ab"Frank Sinatra Part 11". Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). p. 1. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  24. ^"Enraged Sinatra Dumped". Ukiah Daily Journal. September 12, 1967. p. 1. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  25. ^"Carl Cohen for President?". The Portsmouth Herald. September 13, 1967. p. 4. Retrieved July 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  26. ^"Stars on the Strip". Billboard. July 2, 2005. p. 29. ISSN 0006-2510.
  27. ^"Tracinda unit completes buy". Wall Street Journal. February 3, 1988.  – via Factiva (subscription required)
  28. ^"MGM Grand posts loss of $955,000". Daily Breeze. Torrance, CA. AP. November 4, 1988 – via NewsBank.
  29. ^"L.A. briefly - developments". Los Angeles Daily News. May 20, 1989 – via NewsBank.
  30. ^"MGM Grand's sale of Sands". Wall Street Journal. May 1, 1989.  – via Factiva (subscription required)
  31. ^ abc"Gala Sands Opening Tonight". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  32. ^"Sands Tram (photograph)". Westvegas.com. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  33. ^"Las Vegas Retains Its MOR Legacy". Billboard. December 26, 1974. p. 40. ISSN 0006-2510.
  34. ^"Singing Switch". Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. October 28, 1954. p. 32. ISSN 0021-5996.
  35. ^"Rat Pack reveled in Vegas; revered by the world". Las Vegas Sun. May 15, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  36. ^"The Rat Pack: Live at the Sands". AllMusic. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  37. ^Goya, Lynn In a League of Their Own, Nevada Magazine. March 2009

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  • Jones, Delilah (1995). Viva Las Vegas: Nightclub Greats. Friedman/Fairfax Publishers. ISBN .
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  • MacKenzie, Alex (2009). The Life and Times of the Motown Stars. Together Publications LLP. ISBN .
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  • Newton, Wayne; Maurice, Dick (June 1, 1991). Once Before I Go. Avon. ISBN .
  • Nichols, Chris (January 2007). The Leisure Architecture of Wayne McAllister. Gibbs Smith. ISBN .
  • Papa, Paul W. (October 1, 2009). It Happened in Las Vegas: Remarkable Events that Shaped History. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN .
  • Randlett, Victoria Schurz (1999), Atomic Oasis: Las Vegas in Its Golden Age, 1946-1958, University of California, Berkeley, retrieved December 19, 2015
  • Raymond, Emilie (June 1, 2015). Stars for Freedom: Hollywood, Black Celebrities, and the Civil Rights Movement. University of Washington Press. ISBN .
  • Roggen, Ted (November 1, 2001). Press Releases. iUniverse. ISBN .
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  • Willems, Jos (April 30, 2006). All of Me: The Complete Discography of Louis Armstrong. Scarecrow Press. ISBN .

External links[edit]

Media related to Sands Hotel and Casino at Wikimedia Commons

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Las Vegas Strip: hotels, motels, casinos, race books

Index of every casino, hotel, motel, club and landmark on the Strip, listed by property, north to south. Prior to 1959, S Las Vegas Blvd was South 5th St / U.S. Hwy 91. Sources


VACANT / HILTON GRAND – former El Rancho
1941-1960: El Rancho Vegas| 2720 Hwy 91 | T. Hull, owner and builder - property bought by from Jesse Hunt in 1939. After Hull, “a succession of owners, leasees, and lawsuits” - Graham history of El Rancho. W. McAllister, architect. Neon by Nevada Electric Co (RJ 4/19/41). Opened 4/3/1941. 1941, Nov.: New wing with rooms and KENO (AM) station (11/22/41). Circa 1942-1947: standalone KENO AM station opened to the south of El Rancho. 1950, September: road sign opposite from the resort changed from a billboard to the neon arrow. 1951: Renovation led by owner B Katleman, designer Tom Douglas (RJ 7/3/51); “last summer Katleman told Dougles he wanted to ‘get rid of the corn’ but keep the Western character” (RJ 6/18/52); Round Up room becomes Opera House, signs on the building changed. 1960: casino/showroom destroyed by fire 6/17/60. Fire debris remained on site until late ‘61 (RJ 10/18/61, 11/2/61). 1962: some bungalows removed/relocated (RJ 10/16/62, 11/11/62, 12/27/62) “to make way for new multi-million-dollar El Rancho Building on the grounds” (RJ 9/23/62). 1964: Remaining sections of hotel reopened as El Rancho Vegas Motor Inn (RJ 3/7/64) w/ shops through c. 1967. 1968, Dec 4: El Rancho arrow sign removed. 1970: Property bought by H Hughes (RJ 6/7/70).

2003: Hilton Grand Vacations | 2650 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened with Tower 1; 2005: Tower 2.
2007: Sky Las Vegas | 2700 S Las Vegas Blvd.
1960-2006: Nevada Square Shopping Center | 2800 S Las Vegas Blvd. Ted Griss, developer. Paul R Williams Assoc., arc. (RJ 5/15/60). Includes Tommy B’s Pub (1968-1985) Anthony J Benetti, tavern, package liquor, slots.

1958: Las Vegas Strip Travelodge | 2830 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1957, Sep: Groundbreaking and business arrangement described in RJ 9/29/57. Franchise owned by M Kelch & partners. 1958: opens around May. First seen in the background 5/58.


SAHARA
1947-1952: Club Bingo | Prior to Club Bingo, M.D. Close built a restaurant on this site in 1946, sold a year later to Prell (RJ 5/2/47). Club Bingo opens July 24, 1947. M Prell, S Rubin, partners, owners. Waterman & Beckett, architect (RJ 7/17/47). Signs by YESCO. 1948: Bonanza Room opens in May (RJ 5/6/48), signs added. 1949: new sign by YESCO and Aloysius McDonald (RJ 6/29/49). 1952, May: Closed, Sahara construction begins (Club Bingo’s main room incorporated into the Sahara); casino items sold to the public on June 4 (RJ 6/1/52).
1952-2011: Sahara| 2700 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened Oct 7, 1952, owner M. Prell, A. Winter & partners, arc. M Meltzmann, built by Webb Corp. 1959: first tower construction (RJ 10/4/59). 1960: Tunis Tower (14 fl, arc. M Stern) and 127-ft sign (c. 9/15/60). 1961: Sahara and The Mint sold to Del Webb Corp. Sahara-Nevada Corp. for the merger, completed 9/61 - first public company to own casinos (source, RJ 7/19/61, 7/21/61, 9/1/61, 10/1/61, source, RJ 2/7/99). 1963: Alexandria Tower (24 fl, arc. M Stern). 1963: Don the Beachcomber addition (July ‘63 construction). 1967: Convention Center addition. 1978: Tangiers Tower (26 fl, arc. M Stern). 1980: second sign. 1982: Lowden purchase. 1988: parking garage, “T” extension of Tangiers Tower (27 fl) (Emporis). 1995: Bennett/Gordon Gaming purchase. 1996: Last of the 1950s-era low rise rooms demolished, replaced with parking garage. 1999: renovation, Speedworld addition. 2007: SBE Ent & Stockbridge purchase. 2011 closed. 2014: Reopened as SLS Hotel. Tunis, Alexandria, and Tangiers towers renamed Sam, Society, and Citizen. Society tower becomes W Hotel 2017-2018. 2019: renamed Sahara.
1985-2003: Wet 'N’ Wild | Property owned by El Rancho Vegas, acquired by Hughes in 1970 (RJ 6/7/70). Wet 'N Wild developed in partnership with Howard Hughes Development Corp, a subsidiary of Summa Corp.

FONTAINEBLEU site
1948-1976: Thunderbird| 2755 S Las Vegas Blvd; 2731 Hwy 91. Opened 9/2/1948. M Hicks, C Jones, owners. Signs by Graham Sign Co (RJ 8/18/48). Fall 1958: renovation (RJ 11/24/58), adding new second floor over casino framed in rectangular box, new porte-cochère. New signwork by Western Neon (RJ 12/24/58). 1959: “Thunderbird” logo changed, roadsign replaced in Fall. 1961/1962: roadsign moved to the front-center of the hotel, fire-shooting stick added to both birds. 1962: new roadsign and pylon. 1963, Oct 5: Thunderbird Downs quarterhorse track opened (9/24/63). 1964, Sep: Del Webb purchase. (Tiki torches?) 1965: 700-ft horizontal “Thunderbird” sign by Bill Clarke/Ad Art installed over the south rooms (seen 7/12/65); Fall: roadsign & pylon replaced with one roadsign and new neon bird (old bird sign over casino removed). 1974, summer: Blue/green sign painted zigzag red/orange. 1970s: changed hands from Caesars, to Parry Thomas, to Major Riddle (12/76).
1977-1981: Silverbird| 1977, January: Reopened as Silverbird. Thunderbird sign still in place until Mar 28, 1978 (RJ 3/29/78); replaced by the 190-ft sign/porte-cochère designed by Raul Rodriguez for Heath, built by AdArt. 1981: closed in 12/3/81, sold to Ed Torres in Feb 82 and renamed El Rancho in Apr 82 (RJ 3/18/82, 4/7/82).
1982-1992: El Rancho| Opens August 31, 1982 (RJ 9/1/82). 1987: Tower addition (source). Closed Jul 6, 1992. 2000, Oct 3: Last remaining structure (the tower) demolished. Replaced by Turnberry Place & Fontainebleau site. 2007, Feb: Fontainebleau construction. Tower topped off 11/14/08. 2018: site bought by Witkoff/New Valley. 2021: bought by Koch Industries.
1953-2005: Algiers| Built by M & L Hicks (Thunderbird), opened Nov 25, 1953. Signs by H Boernge, YESCO. 1968: Little Church of the West Algiers opens in front of the hotel Feb 68, Merle & Charolette Richards, owners (RJ 2/23/68, 7/3/88). 1970: Chapel name changed to United Chapel of All Religions (Chicago Trib 8/1/70); sign changed (“Wedding Chapel” from Night & Day Chapel). 1974: Chapel becomes Candlelight Wedding Chapel, painted beige or yellow. 2005: hotel demolished, chapel moved to Clark County Museum, replaced by Fontainebleau site.


Cross street: Circus Circus Dr (Keno Ln, 1955-75) / Elvis Preseley Blvd (Racetrack Rd, Riviera Blvd, 1961-2016)


OFF THE STRIP – by date.
1964-1985: Savoy Motel | 496 Keno Ln | RJ 4/8/64. c. 1985-86: demolished, replaced with Circus Circus Skyrise tower
1969: Westgate | 3000 Paradise Rd | Founded by K Kerkorian, International Leisure Corp. 1968: Groundbreaking Feb 9 (RJ 2/11/68). 1969: International Hotel opens 7/2/69. 139-ft sign by Bill Miller, AdArt (Magic Sign p. 110). 1970: Hilton becomes primary owner of Int'l Leisure, late 70. 1971: renamed Las Vegas Hilton (RJ 7/18/71) with the “International” sign seen on top of the hotel as late as 1972. 1975 east tower (seen under construction 6/75). 1978: north tower. 1994: Second sign installed early 1994, 362 ft, John Renton Young Lighting. Partially demolished by storm (RJ 1/30/94, 3/13/94, 7/20/94). 1997: Third sign installed c. Mar-Jun 1997, 279 ft, by YESCO (RJ 3/7/97). 2011 renamed LVH; 2014 renamed Westgate.


CIRCUS CIRCUS
1968: Circus Circus| 2800 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened 10/18/1968, J. Sarno, S. Mallin. 1971: carousel moved from south corner to north, replaced with Slots A Fun. 1972: Main Tower East (15 fl.). 1974: Bennett & Pennington lease and run the property. 1975: Main Tower West (15 fl.). c. 1976?: Remodeled the casino to separate the gamblers from the circus acts (MM). 1976: Lucky the Clown sign (unlv), late 76, named “Lucky” in a contest (RJ 1/16/77). 1979: Circusland RV park addition. 1980, Aug: Circus Circus Manor addition. 1981, May: Shuttle opened. 1982, May: redesigned porte-cochère, fountains covered (RJ 4/25/82). 1983: Bennett & Pennington purchase, Circus Circus Ent taken public 10/25/83. 1986: Skyrise Tower (29 fl.). 1993: tower, Adventuredome. 1999: Circus Circus Ent. becomes Mandalay Resort Group.
1971: Slots-A-Fun| opened Aug 1971 by Sarno, Circus Circus. 1974: R. Miller and later C. Thomas as owners. 1979: Bought by Circus Circus Enterprises. Original sign modified in the 80s, last seen in 1992.

RESORTS WORLD
1948: Motor-Vu Theater | Opened 4/23/48 (RJ) adjacent to Last Frontier. 1959: new owners change the name to Stardust Drive-In (RJ ¼/59). Closed at the end of 1968, demolished early 1972 by owners Hughes Tool Co (RJ 12/6/71, 2/1/72). c. 1990: Budget Suites, demolished 2007, replaced with parking structure during the construction of Echelon Place (Resorts World).
1955-1959: Royal Nevada | Founded by Frank Fishman in 1953 (RJ 6/15/53). Groundbreaking June 54 (RJ 6/27/54). Arc. John Replogle/Paul R Williams (RJ 10/28/53, 7/25/54, 1/11/55). Opened 4/19/1955. 1956: casino (or hotel and casino) closed Jan-Mar. 1957: casino closes in Dec. (“Big Hotel Beats Cheating Charge” RG 12/10/57). 1958: hotel closed in Mar. after IRS raid (“Revenue men close hotel in Las Vegas” UPI, 3/6/58). D.I./Stardust partners lease Royal Nevada hotel (RJ 8/29/58). 1959: Closed, absorbed into Stardust and turned into Stardust Auditorium; signs changed in Fall 59 (RJ 9/18/59, 10/12/59).
1958-2006: Stardust| 3000 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1953-1954: Stardust Inc formed by T. Cornero, land purchased from F Fishman, construction begins 10/54 (RJ 7/2/58). 1955: Cornero dies 7/31/55. 1956: sale to J. & R. Factor. 1958: Completed by Desert Inn associates, opened 7/2/1958. Sign by K. Wayne, YESCO. 1960: Aku Aku Restaurant opens 1/28/60 (RJ). 1961: Aku Aku road sign (Polynesian Food/Exotic Drinks) installed next to the moai (Sign of the Times 8/62). 1964: 9-story tower (seen under construction, 11/63). 1966: Left side of the sign chopped off during construction of blgd between casino & Aku Aku. 1967, July: Aku road sign removed, replaced with the base of 188 ft pylon. 1968: 188-ft pylon completed 2/16/68, design by Paul Miller, Ad Art. New building sign installed, exact date unknown. 1969: Sale to Parvin-Dohrmann Co., later known as Recrion (RJ 12/11/70). 1974: Recrion acquired by Argent. 1975, Sep: Sports book addition (RJ 9/6/75). “Lido” added to the sign above the reader board. 1976: '68 building sign removed in June; new facade and porte-cochère. 1987: Lower section of the sign’s reader board changed to LED; Aku Aku statue removed, donated to Clark County 11/87, installed at Sunset Park 5/88 (RJ 6/5/88). 1990: construction of West Tower (32 fl.), completed in '91. 1991: type face on sign changed; “Lido” section removed from the sign. Closed 11/2006; Demolished 3/2007, Echelon construction begins, suspended in 2008. 2014: sold to Resorts World.
1965-2005: Westward Ho | 2900 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1962: Strip 66 Motel opens 8/31/62 (RJ) around the same time as Strip 66 service station on the same property. (Strip 66 Motel sign later moved to Strip 91 Motel.) 1963: Executive Suites (apartment-motel) opens behind Strip 66 (RJ 3/30/63) – these 30 buildings, 120 units remain until circa 2005; Strip 66 renamed Satellite Motel (RJ 10/24/63). 1964: Westward Ho groundbreaking (RJ 9/28/64) on the larger property north of Satellite/Strip 66/Executive Suites. 1965: Westward Ho #8 and Dennys #81 open in March (RJ 3/24/65). c. 1967 Satellite Motel name discontinued, consolodated into Westward Ho. 1971: Casino addition, briefly called Nickel Nik’s Westward Ho. 1976: second sign. 1983, January: McDonald’s opened next to the casino (RJ 1/30/83); third sign (“umbrellas”) installed. Closed 11/2005; demolished 3/2006. McDonald’s demolished 2009, moved to new location directly over the property line to the north.
2021: Resorts World | 6/17/2007: Boyd Gaming begins construction for Echelon Place. 2014: site sold to Gentling Group. Resorts World begins construction 2014. Opened 6/24/2021.


RIVIERA
1955-2015: Riviera| 2901 S Las Vegas Blvd. Began in 1952 as the Casa Blanca Hotel. Name changed to Riviera by the time of groundbreaking in May 1954 (RJ 5/27/54). Arc: Roy France & Son / J. Maher Weller. “All neon lighting and sign work by Western Electric Displays Co (Western Neon)” (RJ 5/25/55). 1955: Opened 4/20/1955 with Mediterranean Tower North (9 fl). Fall 1955, the Flamingo managers (Greenbaum, Goffstein, Berman, Atol, etc) take over management of the Riviera. 1957: Second sign (after 3/37 and before 8/57); c. 1957: Western Airlines office (sign seen from 2/59 to 7/64). 1958: Greenbaum killed 12/58. 1960: Mediterranean Tower South, Pt.1 (construction seen 10/59, appears finished by 4/60). 1962: 98 Lanai rooms on south of the property, Julius Gabriele, architect (RJ 2/26/1962). 1963: suite construction, north tower 7/63. c. 1965: small addition on NW corner. 1966: Mediterranean Tower South, Pt.2 (construction 2/66); Third sign installed 7/66. 1969: Second porte-cochère (construction 2/69). 1973: AITS Inc (Riklis) purchase. c. 1974: larger attraction board on third sign. 1975: Monte Carlo Tower (17 fl, seen under construction). 1977: Lanai rooms replaced by San Remo Tower, 6 fl, 243 rooms, on south side of resort; source, source. c. 1981: sign: height raised. 1987: Sign: “Riviera” lowered below the oval, c. mid-year. 1988: Monaco Tower (24 fl) (construction seen in 1/11/88 video). 1989: mirror facade (construction 5/89). 1990: casino expansion to the street over former parking lot; sign moved to Paradise Rd. 2015 closed, 2016 demolished. 2015 property map.

VACANT, SILVER CITY PLAZA
1961-2004: La Concha Motel| 2955 S Las Vegas Blvd. Owner MK Doumani; Paul R Williams Assoc, architect. Opened c. June 61. Late 70s: 9-story tower addition, rear of property between La Concha and El Morocco. c. 1994: “Motel” sign removed (visible in “Leaving Las Vegas filmed Sep-Oct 94, maybe before 10/94, definitely before 7/95). 2003: closed, rooms demolished. 2005: lobby moved to 770 N Las Vegas Blvd.
1964-1983: El Morocco Motel| 2975 S Las Vegas Blvd. Owner MK Doumani; Paul R Williams Assoc., architect. 1964: opened. 1973: casino opened in lobby, reader board added to the sign. Circa 1976/77: Sign altered. 1983: casino closed, becomes gift shop, later a restaurant. Motel open though 90s, closed at unknown date. 2004: rooms and tower demolished. 2008: casino/lobby demolished.
1972: Peppermill Lounge | 2985 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened 12/26/1972. 1982-2000s aka “Peppermill Inn.”
1975-1999: Silver City| 3001 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1973, June 12: Opened as Riata Casino. Closed August 1974. 1975, May 1: Silver City opened. M Riddle, owner until 1980. Closed in 1999, demolished 2004.


Cross street: Convention Center Dr (Fulcher Rd until 1961)


OFF THE STRIP – Convention Center Dr, by date
1953: Sun Villa Apartments | 101 Convention Center Dr. Listed in 1953 phone book, an listed/advertised in RJ starting from Jan. 54.
1959: Las Vegas Convention Center | arc. Adrian Wilson, built 1958-1959, opened April 12, 1959. 1991: Original building demo'ed (“rotunda is being leveled” RJ 2/14/91).
1960: Piero’s | 355 Convention Center Dr. Groundbreaking 7/4/60 (RJ), opened as Coach and Four, late 1960, possibly early 61. 1962: becomes Villa d'Este 12/62. 1987: bought by Freddie Glusman, briefly renamed “Freddie G’s,” then Piero’s (began in 1982 on Karen Ave).
1963: Chalet Motel| 79 Convention Center Dr. 1967: Hyatt Lodge. c. 1974: Convention Center Lodge. Demolished after 2000.
1962: Somerset House Motel | 294 Convention Center Dr. Opened 4/1/62 (RJ) by Irwin Kishner (LVS 12/2/15). The property grew to include apartments and a shopping center (opened March 1966- RJ 3/23/66). Motel demolished 2010. Shopping center closed, demolished 2018-2019.
1964: Villa Roma Motel| 220 Convention Center Dr. Opened 8/2/64 (RJ). Demolished after 2000.
1965: Mansion Manor Motel| 315 Convention Center Dr. Closed & demolished after 1976.
1969-1990: The Landmark | 364 Convention Center Dr. Founded by Frank Caroll. Moffitt & Hendricks, architects. Leonard England, interior design. 1961: Groundbreaking in Sep (RJ 9/8/61). 1967: Top of the tower finished (with “L” sign) 11/19/67 (RJ). 1968: Purchase by Hughes in October. 1969: Opens 7/1/1969. Closed 1990, demolished 1995.
1970-2014: Royal Inn | 305 Convention Center Dr. Opened as Royal Inn of Las Vegas, 4/19/1970, built by Royal Inns of America. 1972: sale to Gaughan, Toti. 1980: renamed Royal Americana (San Diego). 1983: Paddlewheel. 1993: Debbie Reynolds Hollywood Hotel, closed ‘97. 1998: Sale to WWE. 2000: Reopens as Convention Center Drive Hotel, only in October (source). 2001: Greek Isles Hotel. 2009: Clarion. 2004: Purchase by L. Doumani. 2015: demolished.
1970-2020: Royal Resort | 99 Convention Center Dr. Opened September 1970 as Royal Las Vegas, built by Royal Executive Inns of America (Provo). 1971-88 and ‘92-2003 with casino. c. 2004 renamed Royal Resort.
1973: DeVille Casino | 365 Convention Center Dr. Built by F. Caroll next to Villa d’Este, part of a planned hotel-casino, never opened. May have sat vacant until the early 90s. Later Sport of Kings (1992-1993) and The Beach (mid 90s-00s). Demolished 2007.


GOLD KEY SHOPS
1947-1959: Desert Spa| Hwy 91 at Fulcher, SE corner. Opening date unclear, first seen in RJ 1947, listed in directories with El Playtel. 1953-1954: Desert Spa rebuilt in a push to open a casino/resort. Ownership and licensing problems follow through the 50s. “long under lease to the Hotel Last Frontier as entertainers quarters” (Billboard 3/6/54). New sign by Western Neon (RJ 9/20/54). 1960: Turned into Desert Spa Shopping Center; Alpine Village Inn opens. 1961: Demolished by fire in July (RJ 7/13/61, 7/14/61). 1962: Fashion Square Shopping Center, 3047 S LV Blvd, completed in Oct.; M Kishner, T Golden, owners (RJ 10/11/62). Tenants includeSherry’s Liquor, Copa Lounge (relocated from 3103), Denton’s Golden Spur Restaurant, and Mr Sy’s Casino. Mr Sy’s Casino of Fun (1962-1981), Big Red’s Casino (Sep. 1981- Mar. 1982), Peppermill Casino (Mar. 1982-1989), Dan’s Royal Flush (1991-1996), CBS Sportsworld Casino (1997-2002). 1991: Fashion Square becomes Gold Key Shops. 1994: renovation, facade changed to current state.
1946-1959: El Playtel | First seen in RJ, 1946. Replaced by Gold Key Motel
1960-1990: Gold Key Motel| 3053 S Las Vegas Blvd. M Kishner, T Golden, builders/owners. Demolished 1990 – part of the property used for the widening of Desert Inn Rd.


Cross streets: Resorts World / Cathedral Way / Wynn Dr. (Desert Inn Rd was re-routed under Las Vegas Blvd in 1990)


OFF THE STRIP – Desert Inn Rd, by date
1955-1995: Bali Hai | 336 Desert Inn Rd. Opened June 1955 (RJ 5/12/55). Demolished 1989, replaced with office building (now 336 Cathedral Way)
1955: Blair House Suites | 344 E Desert Inn Rd. 1955: Blair House opens in July (RJ 7/24/55). Original hotel demolished 1989; rebuilt, renamed Rita Suites in 2000s.
1961: The Flame| 1 Desert Inn Rd, steakhouse. Closed October 1993.
1963: Guardian Angel Cathedral| 336 Cathedral Way. Land deeded by United Resort Hotels (Dalitz); Paul R Williams Asso. & Claude H Coyne, architects (RJ 11/11/62); Groundbreaking Nov. 1962 (RJ 11/17/62); opens as St. Viator’s Guardian Angel Shrine, Oct. 2, 1963 (RJ 9/29/63). Outside mural added in 1967; all murals, windows, etc by Edith and Isabel Piczek, created circa 1965-1977 (RJ 6/12/77). Rechristened Guardian Angel Cathedral in 1977.


VACANT – former Silver Slipper
1950-1988: Silver Slipper| Opened 9/1950 as Golden Slipper on the former horse stables of Hotel Last Frontier. 12/1950: became Silver Slipper. 1954: Road sign installed 2/54 or earlier; slipper sign installed date unknown, design by J. Larsen, YESCO – seen without sign 4/54, and with sign 2/55. 1962: Casino painted red, slipper sign all white (bottom of the slipper in red circa mid 80s?). 1964-65: casino closed after gaming violations. 1965: S & C Williams purchase, reopen; slipper sign moved from casino to attraction board (c. Oct-Nov). 1966: casino expansion, remodel. 1968: Hughes purchase. 1988: Elardi purchase; closed 11/88, demolished, became parking for Frontier

VACANT – former Frontier
1931-1938: Pair-O-Dice | 1931: built by O. E. Klawitter and L. A. Kern, design by George D. Clark, opened July 5 (RJ 5/6/31, RJ 7/3/31, LVA 7/5/31). Frank Detra soon became owner. 1936: renamed Ambassador Night Club (RJ 5/2/36), but is still referred to as Pair-o-Dice in later news. 1939: McAfee purchase, renamed 91 Club (LVA 1/13/39, RJ 3/9/39). 1941: Griffith purchase; incorporated into the construction of Hotel Last Frontier in 1942.

1942-2007: Frontier

Last Frontier (1942-1966). Opened 10/30/1942 by R.E. Griffith, W. Moore. 1943, May: Little Church of the West opens, first of four locations. 1947: Texaco Fire-Chief station opens. 1948, Nov: First business opens at Last Frontier Village which is continues being built through its official opening in Sep, 1950. R Stadelman, W Zick, architects, with 'Doby Doc’ collection (source, RJ 9/3/50, RJ 2/28/55). 1951: Sold to J. Kozloff, Katleman, and other owners who came and went in the 50s and early 60s.

New Frontier (1955-1966). New casino built between hotel and village opens 4/4/55; the hotel is rebranded New Frontier (“Last” portions remain until '66). 1957: 9-month closure of casino. C. 1958: Large neon “Last Frontier” letters over the hotel wing facing the Strip. 1964: Ownership transfer to Banker’s Life. 1966, May: Hotel Last Frontier demolished (RJ 5/3/66); New Frontier possibly incorporated into the 1967 hotel; pylon last seen 11/66, Texaco Fire-Chief Station last seen 11/66.

Frontier (1967-2007): Groundbreaking 10/6/66 (HHN), opens 7/30/67, sign by Bill Clarke, Ad Art. H Hughes purchase in Nov. (11/29/67 - 4th HH hotel-casino). Circa 1981: New facade (and maybe race book construction, seen in 8/81 video, and shown here). 1988: M.Elardi purchase. 1989: Atrium Tower. c. 1989-1990: Pylon painted red. 1998: Ruffin purchase. 2007: closed 7/16/2007, demolished 11/13/2007. Sign removed 12/2008. 2008: Trump Hotel opened on far south-west Frontier property.


ENCORE, WYNN, north section of Wynn property.
1950-2000: Desert Inn| Opened Apr 24, 1950 - licensed to W. Clark, M Kleinman, A. Roen, M. Dalitz, S. Tucker, Cornelius Jones. W McAllister, initial design; H. Taylor final design, S Harris contractor (RJ 4/23/50). Jac Lessman, interior design (RJ 4/26/50). Signs by H. Boernge, YESCO - logo on top of the building, and attraction board on the south corner by the road.

1946: First report of W Clark’s Desert Inn plans are RJ 3/21/46, and nothing else until Clark buys The Players, RJ 2/17/47. 1947: Groundbreaking plans described, hotel “designed by J Maher Weller” of Las Vegas (RJ 3/19/47); building permit issued to contractor JA Anderson (RJ 4/11/47). “Rapidly rising, at the half way mark” with hotel drawing in RJ 7/15/47; revisions and skyroom described RJ 7/26/47. 1949: 'Groundbreaking’ for resumed construction in July (with partner WS Robinson?) (RJ 7/12/49). 1950: new partners licensed early 1950, hotel opens in April. 1952, Oct: golf course opened (RJ 11/18/51, RJ 10/15/52). c. 1954: Sign–second attraction board, directly in front of the resort. 1956: Sign–attraction board modified, second reader board added; arch motif added to the front, gates over both driveway entrances (first seen 5/56). 1961: Sign–larger reader board hanging off the bottom. 1963: St. Andrews tower. 1964: Sign–raised, larger reader board. 1967: Hughes purchase (RJ 3/25/67). 1974: Sign–nearly covered by reader board. 1976-1978 renovation: St. Andrews covered in mirrored glass, late 76 (RJ 10/10/76), Wimbeton tower addition in 1977 (RJ 10/11/77), Augusta tower topped out 5/78 (RJ 5/3/78); second attraction board replaced with third sign (with white letters) after 5/78. 1985: red letters on the sign. 1997: Palms tower addition, renovation, mirror facade removed. 8/28/00: closed.

2001, Oct 23: Augusta tower demolished. 2004, Nov 16: St. Andrews and Palms towers demolished. 2005: Wynn is opens south of the original Desert Inn. 2008: Encore is opens on the north end of the former Desert Inn property.

1953-1978: House of Good Spirits | 3101-3105 S. 5th, 3-unit building behind the Standard Station, adjacent to Desert Inn. House of Good Spirits (3105) opens 1953 or earlier; 1955-1964 with Copa Lounge (3103), became Coco Lounge at dates unknown; 1961-64 with Hialeah Turf & Sports Club (opened 2/61 at 3101); c. 1976-1977: House of Good Spirits closes; replaced by Desert Inn expansion.

1961-1979: Fanny’s | 3189 S Las Vegas Blvd - located between Standard station and Dio Dr. 1979: became Gifts of Love (1980 vid.), the a jewelery shop, demolished 1987.

1958-1990: Monaco Motel| Opened 7/3/58 on Desert Inn property immediately north of the Desert Inn. Kishner bros (Morris, Ben, Herman) builders, owners (& T Golden?); I Marshak, architect (RJ 6/29/58). Closed early 90s, demolished 1994 (RJ 1/7/94) – part of the property used for the widening of Desert Inn Rd.


Cross street: Fashion Show Dr (Dio Dr until 1981) / Wynn Gate (Dio Dr until 2001)


1981: Fashion Show Mall | 3200 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened Feb 14, 1981.


WYNN, center section
1945-1948: The Players| 3145 S 5th. 1945, Aug. 31: opened on Hwy 91 & south corner of Dio Dr (Wynn main gate), M & J Hughes, owners (RJ 8/30/45). 1947: W Clark purchase from Hughes, “in prelude to Desert Inn” (RJ 2/17/47); 1948: closed then reopening as Wagon Wheel (RJ 6/8/48, 7/1/48), and closed again by end of year (RJ 12/21/48). 1949: operated as The Players again. 1950: became Bowery Clubaka Frank & Jerry’s Bowery (RJ 6/12/50, JCFLV 4/15/50, 1950 & 1952 map). Bowery Club was closed by 1951. Same building use for Polynesia, Jungle Club, and Strip Race Book?–unknown.1951: Al Cooper’s Polynesia opens in May (RJ 5/18/51), closed the same year. Possibly became Murray Nort’s Jungle Club (JCFLV 10/13/51). Becomes Jack Denison’s Jungle Club (RJ 12/27/51, JCFLV 12/8/51). 1952: Becomes Dick Sheridan’s Strip Sports Book (RJ 10/7/52, 10/10/52). 1954: Strip Sports Book bought by Sam Cohen (RJ 4/2/54, 4/6/54), becomes Santa Anita Race Book. Unclear photo in 1955. The building was demolished and business moved to a new location slightly south c. 1957 (plans described in RJ 8/27/56). 1957: Replaced with Joseph Magnin & Jackman’s (RJ 8/27/56, RJ 8/30/57) - Victor Gruen Associates, architect. 1983, Feb: Magnin closed; demolished c. '83-87.

1942-1950: El Rancho Dio | 3183 S. 5th. Located immediately south of The Players. Opens 10/22/42 (RJ) by F & J Dio Dato. 1946: becomes Val Sneed’s (“now Val Sneed’s El Rancho Dio” RJ 2/6/46), then El Toro (RJ 10/14/46). 1947, Feb: becomes Hi-Life Club (RJ 2/10/47). 1949: becomes Khoury’s El Rancho Rio (RJ 8/23/49, LVN 8/19/49). 1950 map; 1951 map. Same building used in the mid-1950s?–unknown. 1951: Domenic’s Restaurant (1953 map). 1953: Chianti’s, then Duffino’s. Replaced with Magnin (plans described in RJ 5/30/56, 8/27/56).

1945-1946: Casa Vegas | 3131 S. 5th. “One mile south on Hwy 91” - 1945 ad. Formerly Bank Club, Boulder Hwy, Pittman NV; building moved to Hwy 91 to “a site south of El Rancho Dio” (RJ 11/13/44, 12/4/44), and reopened as Casa Vegas (RJ 1/12/45). Advertized through 10/46. 1946: becomes Diamond Horseshoe in Oct/Nov. (Advt RJ 11/2/46). 1947: Diamond Horseshoe becomes Stork Club (RJ 3/11/47). Location described: “across from Last Frontier … Follow the Broadwalk from The Players and Hi Life to The Stork Club and The Trap” (1947 Dir), “L.A. Highway, on The Strip” (RJ 6/5/47).

1933-1947: The Cottonwoods | aka Stafford Auto Court. Exact location unknown. Placement in this index is determined by vague descriptions (“one block south of Last Frontier”-RJ 9/20/46, “opp. Red Rooster”-1943 dir.) and descriptions of The Trap location. Begins as Bebek Service Station” LVA 5/22/31; appears in directories from 1932-1947: “Bebek Service Station, John Stafford mgr” (32/33),“Cotton Woods” (33/34). “Cotton Woods, John Stafford mgr.” (34). “Stafford Auto Court”(38, 43). References in RJ are Cottonwood Camp (33), Service Station (33, 39), Inn (37), Club (37), Cafe (38), Cotton Wood Court (40). 1940s: listed or referenced as Cotton Wood Auto Court, The Cottonwood, Cottonwoods. 1947: becomes The Trap (“Woody Cole planning on opening the Cottonwoods nitery”-RJ 1/24/47, “changing the name of the Cottonwoods to The Trap”-RJ 2/27/47, RJ 3/5/47, “Stan Stuart, Woody Cole, master trappers”-RJ 3/17/47). Not seen after 1947.

1954-1985: Santa Anita Race Book| 3207 S Las Vegas Blvd. S. Cohen, owner (source, source). Moved to this location c. 1957 (see The Players). 1961: Bain’s added next door. 1986: closed 12/86 (source). 1987: demolished; seen vacant in 1/11/88 video; replaced with Wynn.

1953-1987: Colonial House Motel| LV Blvd & Emerson, northeast corner. W. Clark/Desert Inn property. Opened 3/17/53. 1956, May: dress shop Lanz opens at the hotel, expands to its own wing in 1958 (RJ 3/19/58). 1987: demolished; seen vacant in 1/11/88 video; replaced with Wynn


Former cross street: Emerson (demolished c. 2001)


WYNN, south section
1950-1970: Rendezvous| aka Al’s Rendezvous. Al Mengarelli. At various points a bar, casino, club, race book, motel. The motel was separate, off the strip. Rough timeline – c. 1949 or 1950: bar (1949 dir). 1953: casino (listed in Fuller through '64). 1954: motel added. Late 50s: Rendezvous Race Book. 1963: New building / club added (RJ 8/3/63). 1964: Club becomes Pussycat A Go-Go; Rendezvous Race Book continues. 1970: “being rebuilt entirely, will become 'Rose Bowl’ (RJ 8/7/70). Motel continues as Rendezvous Motel until c. 1981.
1964-1972: Pussycat A Go-Go | Garwood Van, Joe Yip, owners at least until 1965 (leased from Mengarelli). Opened August 1964 (RJ 8/20/64). Seen in 1967 aerial. 1972: Chez Pussycat (RY 1/26/72), closed by Spring. 1973-74 unclear, briefly as Pigalle. c. 1974 Dirty Sally’s (RJ 9/12/74). 1979: Rumors. 1980: Country Club (also motel on Emerson Rd). 1982-1983: Cartunes (9/24/82). 1984: Gift Emporium. c. 1990s demolished.
1971-1983: Rose Bowl Race Book | Mengarelli family trust, owners. c. 1984-1985: Gary Austin’s Race & Sports Book; c. 1990s demolished


Cross streets: Spring Mountain Rd (mid-1950s) / Sands Ave (1973)


TREASURE ISLAND
1993: Treasure Island| arc. Joel Bergman, Jon Jerde. Skull sign - YESCO? Opened Oct. 27, 1993

THE MIRAGE
1930-1957: Red Rooster, Grace Hayes Lodge| 3344 S 5th, located on the south side of current Mirage property. 1930: opened by AW Morris (1931 dir). 1931: licensed for gambling (RJ 4/1/31). 1933: destroyed by fire in July, reopened in Dec. (RJ 12/30/33). c. 1946: aka Woody Cole’s Red Rooster (1946 dir, Fuller). 1947: Hayes purchase, becomes Grace Hayes Lodge (RJ 1-2-47; KNPR). 1948: renamed Red Rooster (1948 dir, 1950 map; 1951 dir, 1952 dir). 1949: Willie Martello’s Red Rooster (RJ 9/1/49). 1952: Club moved back from the road during the widening of US 91 (RJ 1/8/52). 1953: briefly Hi Ho Club (RJ 2/11/53) then shut down. 1954: reopened as The Patio (RJ 2/24/54, 1954 dir); renamed Grace Hayes Lodge (RJ 12/21/54). Closed some time in 1957. 1959: “Now it’s being torn down so it can be turned into a service station” - Calahan, RJ 12/17/59. Hayes continues living in the residence in the back of the property off and on until the 80s.
1957: Bud’s Liquors & Gifts | 3340/3388 S Las Vegas Blvd. Sign by James Dix, YESCO. Closed 1988.
1939-1962: Sans Souci | North side of current Mirage property. Previously Mountain View Auto Court, seen in a sale listing RJ 8/22/38. 1939: “Mr, Mrs W. R. Miller … have purchased the Mountain View auto court, now known as San Souci … partners Mr & Mrs Freeman H Smith will join them here” (RJ 5/9/39). Early signs and postcards say “San” Souci, later corrected to “Sans.” Cleveland Schultz owner in the 40s. 1955: expansion, becomes Sans Souci Hotel (RJ 8/22/55). 1957: casino and showroom opening, signs by Western Neon (RH 10/23/57). 1962: closed c. Oct, bankruptcy, sold to Ben Jaffe (RJ 11/18/62).
1963-1987: Castaways| Opened 9/1/63, owners B Jaffe, Ike P. Larue Jr, “Mississippi oilman and a Las Vegas gambler” (NSJ 8/7/63, RJ 8/26/63). 1963: Construction May-Aug; sign by Bill Clarke, Ad Art. 1965: Casino closed 12/31/64, reopened mid '65 under new owners (NSJ 8/6/65). Sign updated (raised). 1967: Hughes purchase (RJ 9/23/67, 3rd HH hotel-casino). 1981: neon facade, exact date unknown. 1987: demolished, replaced with The Mirage.
1989: The Mirage | arc. Joel Bergman. 1987: Grounbreaking c. August. 1988, December: name announced (RJ 12/10/88). 1989, opened Nov 22.

CAESARS PALACE
1949-1977: Sage & Sand Motel| 3476 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1949 dir. Closed c. 1978. Last seen c. May 1980.
1966: Caesars Palace| Groundbreaking 1/26/65 (RJ). Opened 8/5/1966 with Roman (now “Julius”) Tower. 1970: Centurion (now “Nobu”) Tower. 1974: Expansion of Roman Tower (reverse S-curve west of Centurion tower). 1979: Fantasy (now “Forum”) Tower opened 11/22/79; Omnimax Theater opened 12/1/79; new porte-cochère. 1986: second sign added to north end of property. 1989: the first sign is redesigned in white. 1992: Forum Shops. 1997: Palace Tower; rear wings & pool demolished; ¼ of the fountain covered. 1999: Forum Shops expand to street level; second sign removed. 2000: Remodeling - “Sarno block” exterior removed and replaced beginning 5/2000 (RJ 5/15/00). 2003: First sign removed, third sign added. Colosseum Theater. 2005: Augustus Tower. 2009: Octavius Tower.


PALAZZO
1949-1961: Ottilia Villa Motel, Spanish Trail Motel| 1951 map. 1957: became Spanish Trail Motel. 1961: closed, demolished and replaced with Imperial 400.
1962-1990: Imperial 400 Motel| 3265 S Las Vegas Blvd. c. 1990: Days Inn, c. 1996 Vagabond Inn. 2005 demolished, replaced by Palazzo
1955-1956: Leo Kind’s Panguingui Parlor | 3217 / 3317 S. 5th. Same address as Tam O'Shanter. Possibly this location before the hotel.
1959-2005: Tam O’Shanter| 3317 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened circa Feb 59. 2005: demolished, replaced by Palazzo
1942-1998: Park Lane Motel, Carousel Motel, Sand Dunes Motel| 1942: originally opened as Park Lane Motel, 8-units. Location decribed in 1942-1943 classified ads, rooms called “cabins”; seen on Sanborn maps. 1949: Liquor store added in front. 1953: new units added on the south side of the property, becomes Carousel Motel. 1973: became Sand Dunes Motel. Closed in 1998, demolished, replaced by Palazzo.

1946: Fiesta Villa | 3309 S. 5th. Restaurant/casino opened 1/31/46 (RJ). 1947: becomes Ray’s Big Hat (RJ 3/17/46); 1948: name changed to Villa Venice, probably not open until June 49 - (RJ 10/6/48, LVN 7/1/49). 1952: destroyed by fire RJ 6/14/52. 1953: Reopened 4/7/53 “on the Strip since 46.” 1954: reopens as Salvator’s (still Sam Baker, owner since '47), later as Anjoe’s, all owned by Sam Baker since '47. 1961: bought by A LeWinter (RJ 12/29/61; “for $285k” RJ 8/16/98, LVS 8/15/98), reopened in 1962 asBlack Forest, and later as Rosewood Grill. Owned by the LeWinter family until 2003 (source). 2007: Walgreens.

VENETIAN
1946-1963: Kit Carson Club, Kit Carson Motel, LaRue | 3313 S. 5th. 1946, March: Kit Carson Club opened by H. Bynum, D. Anderson, G. Frisbee (RJ ¾/46, 3/6/56). (Was the hotel under same ownership? “Built by Sam Baker”-RJ 4/12/54.) 1949: License denied to the club (RJ 10/27/49). 1950, December: Club is remodeled into LaRue (RJ 8/10/50, Schwartz-At the Sands) by W. Wilkerson, N. Hahn; sign by YESCO (RJ 12/24/50). 1951, May: LaRue closed (Schwartz-At the Sands, NSJ 1/29/52). LaRue later becomes the Sands (RJ says Frisbee leases KC club property to M. Kufferman for Sands-RJ 10/20/53). Hotel section continues as Kit Carson Motel through the 1950s. Unconfirmed: closed after fire in 1963. 1965: demolished, replaced with Sands expansion.
1952-1996: Sands| 3355 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1951-1952: Founded by M. Kufferman who bought LaRue. Partners: Stacher & Lansky. Kufferman denied gaming license (RG, 4/9/52); sells to J. Freedman (RG, 6/13/52). Opened 12/15/52 with public partners Barron, Wyman, Levinson, and Entratter. W McAllister, architect. Sign by McAllister, built by YESCO. 1959: Attraction board attached to the sign, Feb or earlier. 1965: second sign in August; tower completed after November. 1967: Hughes purchase (RJ 7/26/67, 2nd HH hotel-casino). 1981-1982: remodel, including third sign, new porte-cochère, new casino. 1994: remodeling of the casino, resulting in this purple thing. 1996: demolished 11/26/96.
1930-1960: South Las Vegas Auto Court, Orinda Motel| Opening date unknown. Listed in RJ 7/2/30, “King of the auto courts, modern stucco cottages, grocery store - Jack Weisberger, prop”; misc directories 30s-40s, and 1950 map. 1952: became Orinda Motel. Circa 1960: demolished, replaced with Sands parking lot.
1999: The Venetian

CASINO ROYALE
1934-1954: Bill’s Place, Matty’s Tropics, Musso’s | 3337 S. 5th. Restaurant with adjacent cabins located on the northern half of future Casino Royal property. 1954: Motel is called Motor Inn through '58, then Weber Motel in '59. 1955: Matty’s Tropics opened in main building, closes 1956. 1957, July: Monte’s in the main building (“a strip-tease establishment”-RJ 8/13/57). 1958: Monte’s liquor license revoked, closed (RJ 2/21/58, RJ 3/5/48). Musso’s opens (RJ 8/11/58) using the same sign at Matty’s Tropics. 1965: restaurant (last seen 8/65) and motel demolished, replaced with Denny’s #141 late 1965 or early 1966. 1993: Denny’s demolished, rebuilt at a part of Casino Royal.
1945-1962: Bon Aire | Possibly the location of Spinning Wheel in 1945 (“Across the street from Red Rooster” - RJ, 2/6/45). 1945, July: Bon Aire opens (RJ 7/12/45), main building (club/restaurant) on the south portion of future Casino Royal property and separate motel north of the main building. H. Bynum & partners (RJ 6/23/45, CH). 1946: club becomes Mondoray Club (RJ 8/26/46) and motel continues as Bon Aire until 1962. 1948: club becomes Blue Heaven (RJ 10/17/47); 1947: club becomes Bar of Music (RJ 3/17/48). 1949: club becomes Club Copa (LVN 3/18/49, RJ 4/5/49), then restaurant Twin Dragon (RJ 11/9/49). 1951, May: restaurant becomes Louigi’s Broiler (RJ 5/8/51), closed 12/62 (RJ 12/20/62). 1963: All demolished, replaced by Caravan Motor Hotel.
1964: Caravan Motor Hotel | 3417, 3419 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opens 5/29/64 (RJ) - motel and adjacent restaurant Four Fountains. 1967: motel renamed Travelodge Caravan aka Travelodge Center Strip. 1970: restaurant as Joey’s New Yorker (1970-1972). 1972: restaurant as Yellow Submarine (1972-1973). 1970s: restaurant demolished, replaced with Nob Hill. 1992: entire complex incorporated into Casino Royale.
1978-1990: Nob Hill| 3411 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1978, July: Nob Hill Casino, new structure, C. Williams & partners. 1990: closed 11/26/90. 1991: Elardi buys, becomes Casino Royale.
1992: Casino Royale | Opened Jan 1, 1992. 1994: Remodeled as European Villa, joining Denny’s, casino, motel.

HARRAH’S
1947-1968: Tumbleweed Motel, Sand Dunes Motel| built in 1946, R. Statelman, architect (RJ 4/26/46). Open since at least Feb. 47 (RJ 2/28/47). 1966: becomes Sand Dunes Motel some time after 2/66. 1968, Mar 8: Fire destroys 15 units (RJ 3/10/68). “Hughes purchased the Sand Dunes Motel near the Strip” (RJ 5/1/68). Demolished unknown date before 3/69. N. Jansen purchases property from Hughes (date unknown). Used as parking for Holiday Casino in the 70s, Holiday expansion in the 80s.
1952-1973: Pyramids Motel| 3481 S Las Vegas Blvd. Irwin Molasky’s first development in Las Vegas, opened 12/15/52 (Molasky interview, UNLV). (Note: 1950 aerial shows a motel, and 1950 map notes a Cardinal Motel here. Pyramids began as Cardinal before Molasky?) Circa 1951-1952: Seen under construction. 1973: purchase by Holiday Casino; demolished after 12/72, before 6/73, used as Holiday Casino parking lot.
1972-1992: Holiday Inn | 3475 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1969: Proposed hotel and casino plans with Holiday Queen Land Corp, N. Jansen as landlord owning “90% of the land” (RJ 3/23/69, 10/17/74, 1/9/97). 1970: Groundbreaking April 2 (RJ 4/3/70, 4/5/70). 1971: under construction 3/71. 1972: open in Feb (RJ 2/3/72) with 15-story tower now known as Mardi Gras South Tower. 1981: Holiday Inn “Great Sign” removed. c. 1983: 23-story tower, now known as Mardi Gras North Tower. 1990: Carinval Tower (35 fl., seen under construction 11/89) and remodeling of the “riverboat.” 1992, July: renamed Harrah’s.
1973-1992: Holiday Casino| 3473 S Las Vegas Blvd. Developed on property shared with the hotel; S&C Williams with partners. Planned names “River Boat,” “Holiday Queen” and “River Queen Casino” changed before casino opening (source: C. Williams papers; Chipboard). 7/2/73: casino opens (dark in June ‘73). 1983: purchase by Holiday Inn. 1989: 35-fl tower south.
1992: Harrah’s| 1997: renovation (Mardi Gras theme), 35-floor tower north.

THE LINQ
1959-1978: Flamingo Capri| 3535 S Las Vegas Blvd. G. Goldberg & B. Capri (associate of Flamingo hotel). “To open” RJ 10/29/59. (1964 planned riverboat casino.) 1971: R. Engelstad purchase. 1972: sign change between Jan-May. 1976-1977: Construction of Imperial Palace Tower, opened 10/77. Flamingo Capri Motel demolished c. Fall 1977. 1979: casino demolished (RJ 11/7/79)
1979-2012: Imperial Palace| 1979: Flamingo Capri began doing business as Imperial Palace on 11/1/79 when the casino of Flamingo Capri was still in place. New sign and entrance was completed 12/79. The new hotel-casino did not have had a grand opening party and was not advertising until 1980. 1980: Showroom addition. 1981-1988: parking garage and hotel towers expansion (19 floors, 2600 rooms - source). 1989: Pagoda tower (retail and office space at street level - 1989 construction). 2005: purchase by Harrah’s. 2012: Remodeled, renamed The Quad. 2014: Renamed The Linq.
1989-2012: O’Shea’s| 3555 S Las Vegas Blvd. A standalone casino built on Flamingo-HIlton property in front of the Flamingo’s north garage, opened August 1989. 2012: Closed and demolished – property then became part of The Quad.

FLAMINGO
1946: Flamingo | Prior to the Flamingo, M. Folsom buys the property from C. Squires (RJ 11/18/44), opens Rancho Aloha motel (“plans to add 100 rooms, restaurant, casino”-RJ 4/27/45, “rusting motel sign, couple of shacks”-L Gragg, 'Benjamin Bugsy Siegel The Gangster…’ p89). W. Wilkerson begins purchase March 1945, sale recorded in June (RJ 6/9/45, Gragg book). Folsom property demolished and Flamingo construction begins 12/45 (Gragg p93, RJ 12/18/45, 1/21/46, 2/5/46), completed under Siegel and opened as casino 12/26/46 before completion of the hotel. Architects George Vernon Russell (hired by Wilkerson - casino?), Richard Stadelman (hired by Siegel - hotel?).

Early era. 1947: Casino advertises coming closure in Feb (RJ 2/4/47); Reopens with hotel 3/3/47 and second sign (altered version of original sign). 1949: Gruen attraction board ('49 or earlier), Wedding chapel (“now under construction” RJ 6/5/49). 1953: remodel and “Champagne Tower” (tower 10/53). 1954 “Champagne” attraction board replaces Gruen board, late summer. Sale by Greenbaum & partners to T. Hull, Parvin & partners (NSJ 11/3/54). 1960: Sale by Parvin to Cohen, Landburgh, Lifter (RGJ 5/28/60); Lansky involvement from 1947 to 1960 sale (NSJ 10/12/55, RGJ 10/22/69). 1967: Kerkorian purchase. 1968: front remodel (construction seen 1/68 and 5/68), plume sign installed 8/68, design by Bill Clarke, Ad Art.

Hilton era. 1971: Hilton purchase. 1977: Tower 1 (under construction 8/77); sign updated w/ rainbow; second plume sign on corner (installed 4/77) over new porte-cochère. 1980: Tower 2 (expansion of first tower - under constr. 3/80). 1982: Tower 3 (southeast side of property, under construction ‘82). 1986: Tower 4 (extension of third, southeast). 1987: ‘68 plume sign removed. 1990: Tower 5 (north-west - under construction 11/89). 1993, Dec: last of the original structure, Oregon Suite and Garden Rooms, demolished (RJ 12/15/93, CLV, Chicago Tribune). 1994: Tower 6 (north); Hilton Grand Vacations Club (RJ 2/6/93, 10/27/94).

CROMWELL
1958-1974: Desert Villa Motel| 3595 S Las Vegas Blvd. aka (Phillip) Empey’s Desert Villa. 1973: bought by Stanley Korman in June (RJ 1/20/74), became Times Square Motel, closed late 1974. Not demolished until construction of Barbary Coast.
1979-2007: Barbary Coast| M. Gaughan & partners. Groundbreaking 2/22/78. Opened 3/2/79. 2005: Boyd purchase. 2007: transfer to Harrah’s, renamed Bill’s.
2007-2013: Bill’s Gamblin’ Hall and Saloon| 2013 closed and remodeled
2014: The Cromwell | 3595 S Las Vegas Blvd


Cross street: Flamingo Rd


OFF THE STRIP – Flamingo Rd & area, by date
1976: Stage Door Casino
1977: Westin | 160 E Flamingo Rd. 1977, July 1: opens as Maxim. Designed by Marnell-Corrao. “First major hotel to be financed completely within the state of Nevada" (RJ 3/13/77). 1999 casino closes. 2001 hotel closes. 2003: repoens as Westin
1980-2005: Bourbon Street | 120 E Flamingo Rd. 1964: opened as Alwin building (office), by Al Winnick. 1980 converted to Shenandoah Hotel (without casino); 1985 renamed Bourbon Street (with casino); 2005 closed; 2006 demolished
1995: Hard Rock | 4455 Paradise Rd. Opened 3/10/95.


BELLAGIO
1955-1993: Dunes| 1953-1955: First announced as Hotel Araby (J. Sullivan, A. Gottesman & partners, RJ 11/1/53), then became known as Vegas Plaza, and Hotel Deauville (RJ 1/20/54, 4/23/54). Named the Dunes by the time of groundbreaking, June 22, 1954 (RJ). Architect J Replogle, designer R. Dorr Jr. 1955: Opened 5/23/1955. Signs by YESCO (RJ 5/23/55) – sultan by H. Boernge, YESCO. Purchased by J. Freedman in August. Re-opening in September (Daily Herald 9/14/55 - Lobby painted with stripes, Sinatra as Sultan at opening ceremony). 1956: Purchase by M Riddle & J Gottlieb, and another reopening 6/5/56. 1957: Minskys Follies opens nude show 1/10/57. 1959: Convention hall addition. 1961: Olympic wing addition. 1962: tower groundbreaing 10/21/62 (RJ). 1964: Sultan figure moved to golf course in May; 180-ft sign, design by Lee Klay, Federal Sign and Signal Co. installed in Oct., “opened” Nov. 12 (RJ 10/1/64, RJ 11/8/64, NYT 10/7/93). 1965: opening of Dome of the Sea, and the 24-story tower 6/65 (RJ 5/16/65, under construction circa ‘64). c. 1965 Dunes Golf Course to the west and south-west of the hotel (1966 video; 1969 map - later became Mirage Golf Course, then part of Monte Carlo and City Center). 1979: South tower built '78-79, opened summer 79 (RJ 7/25/78, 4/13/79, 8/31/79). 1982, August: Oasis Casino (RJ 8/13/82, 8/20/82). 1993: demolished 10/27/93, south tower demolished 7/94.
1953-1980: Royal Palms Motel| 3660 S Las Vegas Blvd. Developed by N. & J. Mack (RJ 5/3/53), opened late 1953 (RJ 9/17/53). 1955: bought by Dunes (RJ 5/4/55). 1961: Denny’s #64 (RJ 4/2/61) & gas stastion in front of motel. Closed 1980, replaced with Dunes parking lot. c. 1997: Denny’s & gas station demolished.
1969-1987: Robinhood Motel | 3688 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1969: Built in fall, open by the end of the year (RJ 8/3/69, 12/28/69). 1970: becomes Vagabond Motor Hotel late in the year. 1988: Becomes Center Strip Inn. 1998: demolished, replaced by Bellagio.
1998: Bellagio| 1996: Groundbreaking date isn’t clear. Foundation was under construction by Jan. (RJ 1/18/96), hotel by May (RJ 5/12/96). Architects. 1998, Oct. 15: Opened.

COSMOPOLITAN
1974: Jockey Club| 3700 S Las Vegas Blvd. Timeshare condo built in 1973, opened 4/1/74.
2007: Cosmopolitan| 3708 S Las Vegas Blvd. built around Jockey Club


BALLY’S
1964-1967: Three Coins Motel| 3633 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opening date unclear. In 1967 the lobby was demolished and the motel wing was leased for use at Bonanza.
1967-1973: Bonanza| 3645 S Las Vegas Blvd. L. Wolf, owner. Bonanza used two existing motels (Three Coins and Galaxy) with a new casino between each wing (RJ 1/24/67). H Rissman, architect. Opens 7/1/67. Casino closes 10/67 (source). 1968: Kerkorian purchase (source). 1969: Levin-Townsend purchase; reopening of casino; dispute with Galaxy Motel, and bankruptcy in 1970 (source). c. 1970: Kerkorian leases casino (source). 1972: showing MGM construction while Bonanza open. 1973: closed, demolished, replaced by MGM Grand.
1973-1986: MGM Grand| Groundbreaking 4/15/72, opened 12/5/73. 1980: south tower construction; 11/22/80: fire, remodeling though ‘81; 1981: south tower. 1986, Apr: Sale to Bally’s completed (source), name changed to Bally Grand Hotel by May.
1986: Bally’s | 1994: parking lot and porte-cochère replaced with park and people-mover. 2001: Second sign.

PARIS
1966-1987: Galaxy Motel| 3655 S Las Vegas Blvd. Ernst Lied owner (Resort City in the Sunbelt, E. Moehring). 1967: leased for use by Bonanza; c. 1972: separated from Bonanza/MGM property, renamed Galaxy Motel; 1987: demolished.
1968-1994: Little Caesars| 3665 S Las Vegas Blvd. located at Churchill Downs Shopping Center, which opened in 1967. “Norman Little has been named general manager of the new 'Little Caesars’ casino” - RJ 9/11/68. Close date unknown, demolished c. 1996-1997.
1999: Paris Las VegasSep 1, 1999

PLANET HOLLYWOOD
1962-1966: Tally Ho | 3677 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1962: Listed on 6/62 map; opens as non-gaming hotel (RJ 12/28/62). Signage also refers to “King’s Crown Tally Ho.” 1963-1964: plans casino, denied license. 1965, Dec: M. Prell purchase (RJ 1-2-66), becomes Aladdin.
1966-2000: Aladdin| 3667 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1966: Drawings for redesigned hotel and tower unveiled early in the year, architect M. Stern (RJ 1-2-66, 1/17/66). Opened 3/31/1966 as Milton Prell’s Aladdin, with sign by a team at YESCO. Owners Prell, G Gilbert, S Krystal (former Sahara-Nevada Corp). 1974: groundbreaking on tower and theater (tower seen under construction in 1975). 1976: tower, porte-cochère, theater opened; original sign replaced. 1986: Purchase by G Yasuda. 1997: closed. 1998: demolished, replaced with New Aladdin.
2000-2007: New Aladdin | 2007 renamed Planet Hollywood


Cross street: Harmon Ave


1964-1984: Tower of Pizza | opened 9/64, moved to Henderson 12/84

CITY CENTER
1966-1985: Holiday Inn | 3740 S Las Vegas Blvd. Construction 1965, opened 1966 (1965 satellite view, 1966 dir., Rissman map) with 6-floor tower (“Steeplechase”). c. 1968: second building addition ( “Luna Park”). 1972: N. Jansen opens Holiday Gifts at the hotel. 1977: Holiday Gifts begins operating as Slot Joynt Casino. 1985: Viscount and Holiday Gifts (Jansen) acquire the hotel; rebranded Viscount Hotel (RJ 6/16/85). Hotel and casino “establish physical connection” (Source: Boardwalk timeline by MGM-Mirage). c. 1989: hotel and casino rebranded as Boardwalk Hotel & Casino (LV360; first tokens dated 1989).
1988-2006: Boardwalk| 3750 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1994: Boardwalk Casino Inc goes public, begins partnership with Holiday Inn, renamed Holiday Inn Boardwalk (seen summer ‘94). 1995: Dreamland tower addition (1995 constr.; Emporis). 1996: Coney Island-themed expansion. 1998: Wynn/Mirage purchase. 2000: MGM-Mirage merge. 2003: Holiday Inn affiliation ends, renamed Boardwalk Hotel & Casino. 2006: closed 1/06; tower demolished 5/06, replaced with City Center’s Mandarin Oriental.
2009: City Center | Aria, Crystals, Harmon, Mandarin Oriental, Vdara, Veers, etc. Harmon demolished 2014.

1957-2000s: Free Aspirin & Tender Sympathy | Strip Union 76, 3758 S Las Vegas Blvd. Station opened c. 1957. Sign seen in 1958 film. Photo from 7/1963 shows “Free Aspirin, Ask Us Anything.” Replaced with CVS c. 2000-2004.

MONTE CARLO
1953-1995: Desert Rose Motel| 4000 S Hwy 91; 3774 S Las Vegas Blvd. Built by M.D. Close. Demolished c. 1996 (“used as offices when Monte Carlo was being built” - Roadsidepictures).
1996: Monte Carlo| 1960s Dunes Golf Course

NEW YORK, NEW YORK
1954-1973: Suez Motel| 4004 S Hwy 91; 3780 S Las Vegas Blvd. Became American Inn c. 1973-75. c. 1976-79 became La Quinta. c. 2000-2005 demolished, replaced with City Center Office; 2014 demolished.
1964-1995: Rodeway Inn| 3786 S Las Vegas Blvd. demolished c. 1995, replaced with NY NY.
1954-1988: Lone Palm Motel| 4022 S Hwy 91; 3794 S Las Vegas Blvd. c. 1953 opened as Ak-Sar-Ben Resort Motel. 1954: as Lone Palm. c. 1988 closed; replaced with NY NY
1997: New York, New York | Joint venture Primadonna Resorts/MGM Grand. Neal Gaskin (Gaskin & Bezanski), architect. Groundbreaking 3/30/95, opened 1/3/97. 


3725 S LAS VEGAS BLVD – E Harmon Ave to MGM Grand
1961-1995: Tahiti Motel| 3725 S Las Vegas Blvd. Late 60s-70s with Louigi’s Broiler (3729 LVBS). 1971: Lucky Slots casino opened at the motel. 1981: Lucky Slots becomes Silver Saddle. 1983: Casino closed. Last seen 8/95.
1963: Travelodge | 3735 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1962, Dec: Louigi’s Broiler opens at 3729 on the site of future Bliss Motel (RJ 12/20/62). 1963, Feb: Bliss Motor Hotel opens, Sid Bliss, owner (RJ 3/7/63). 1963, July: motel leased from Bliss, becomes Ramada Inn (RJ 6/18/63). 1965: Alibi Room (J Denison) and Sambo’s restaurant addition. 1966: motel becomes Travelodge.
1960-1990: Jamaica Motel | 3745 S Las Vegas Blvd. c. 1990-1991: demolished, replaced with Polo Towers (ssp)
1954-1986: Royal Vegas Motel| 3923 S. 5th / 3751 LVBS. c. 1967 became Topper Motel. Absorbed by Minuteman or Gold Rush circa late 70s-80s.
1954-1988: Sunrise Motel| 3929 S. 5th / 3757 LVBS. 1966 became Minuteman Motel (RJ, 11/2/66). 1981: C. Williams purchase. 1979: became Gold Rush Motel. Closed c. 1988.
1952-1989: Del Rey Motel| 3933 S Hwy 91, 3763 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1952: opens as Rancho del Rey; c. 1958 renamed Del Rey; 1990 address lists shops
1952-1998: Monie Marie Motel| 3939 S Hwy 91; 3767 LVBS.
1963-1995: Full Moon Motel | 3769 S Las Vegas Blvd. Last seen 8/95.

MGM GRAND
1961-1991: Tropicana Golf Course | Opened 1961. 1989: sold to Kerkorian, replaced by Marina and MGM Grand
1975-1990: Marina| 3805 S Las Vegas Blvd. Developed on the site of Golf Club Motel by Southwest Securities Development Co, hotel operated by Fred Harvey Inc. of the Airport Marina hotel chain, casino operated by Argent Co. (RJ 11/23/73, RJ 12/22/74). 1974: construction. 1975, May 30: Opening. 1989: sold to Kerkorian, becomes MGM Marina. 1990: closed Nov 30; casino demolished, hotel incorporated into MGM Grand.
1993: MGM Grand| December 18, 1993, arc. Veldon Simpson. 1994: 251 ft. sign installed 2/94. 1996: “MGM Grand” logotype added to the top of the towers. 1997: Lion head removed in May (RJ 5/17/97, LVS 5/14/97); bronze lion sculpted by Snell Johnson installed Fall 97.


Cross street: Tropicana Ave


OFF THE STRIP – Tropicana Ave
1963-1970s: Golf Club Motel| 10 Tropicana Ave (also listed as 3883 S Las Vegas Blvd). First seen in video, 12/63. 1975: renamed Baron Hotel (RJ 11/27/75). 1977: renamed Mariner Hotel under ownership of Airport Casino Inc. c 1978-1979: name changed to Casino Hotel, and closed late '79. Demolished after 1983, before 1987, replaced with parking for Marina Hotel.
1973: Oyo | 115 E Tropicana. Groundbreaking Sep 1972 (RJ 9/10/72), opened 1973 as Howard Johnson Hotel (unrelated to current Howard Johnson Hotel, 165 E Tropicana). 1975: Paradise Hotel & Casino. 1977: 20th Century Hotel & Casino. 1979: renamed The Treasury (Herb Pastor, owner). 1982: bought by T O'Donnel, G Philbin, closed (RGJ 7/1/82). 1985: Pacifica Hotel opens without casino in July. 1985: Polynesian Hotel - “officials of the Pacifica Resort near the Las Vegas Strip recently announced the name of the hotel is being changed to the Polynesian Hotel in order to divorce itself from gay clientele.” (RGJ, 10/8/85). 1986: Polynesian bankrupt (RGJ, 10/13/86). 1989: Hotel San Remo (Sukeaki Izumi). 1991: Second tower addition. 2005: closed, renovation. 2006-2019: Hooters. 2019: Oyo


EXCALIBUR, LUXOR
1990: Excalibur| June 19, 1990, Circus Circus Ent., arc. Veldon Simpson
1993: Luxor| October 15, 1993, Circus Circus Ent., arc. Veldon Simpson


TROPICANA
1957: Tropicana| Opened 4/4/1957. 1960: curved “Tropicana” sign over the fountain. 1959-1964: Three additional wings added. 1969: Curved Tropicana sign off fountain, mounted on double pylon. 1973: theater (and convention center?) added. 1976: M. S. Briggs majority owner. 1977, June: Groundbreaking of Tiffany tower. 1977, Nov: Fountain and 1969 sign removed during construction (RJ 11/29/77). 1979, Jan: Tiffany/Paradise tower opened. 1986: Island tower. 1991: 35-ft. Easter Island statues added to the corner of the hotel, and removed in 1996 (RJ 4/10/96).
1959-2000: White Sands Motel | 3889 S Las Vegas Blvd. Constructed 4/59, opened by F & M Durand LVA. c. 2000 closed.
1951-1987: Santa Fe Trail Motel | 3931 S 5th. SE corner of LV Blvd & Mandalay Bay Rd. 1987 last appearance in directory, not visible in 1/11/88 video.


Cross street: Mandalay Bay Rd (Casablanca Rd, Hacienda Ave, 1961-2000)


MANDALAY BAY
1956-1996: Hacienda| 1954-1956: Constructed under the name Lady Luck, and opened as Hacienda, 10/17/1956 with horse & rider sign (RJ 10/17/56). 1964-1965: Second sign (different horse & rider), first seen 10/65. 1975: Third sign. 1980: tower (construction photo); Little Church of the West moved here from Frontier. 1990: second tower (extension of the first). 1996 closed, demolished New Years Eve.
1999: Mandalay Bay | 3950 S Las Vegas Blvd. 2003: Thehotel addition; 2014: Thehotel renamed Delano.


1976-2011: Tivoli Motel | 3939 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1976: opens as Tivoli. 1990: becomes Econo Inn. 1993: becomes Happi Inn. 2011: closed, demolished for Skyvue
1957-2000s: Terrace Motel | 3941 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1957: Listed as Skyway Terrace Motel (3941 S 5th St) in 1957 directory, and not seen in 1958 directory. 1959: Terrace Motel (“CF Wright’s Terrace Motel & Apartments”). c. 1980: becomes Stage Coach Inn. c. 1989-1990: becomes Olympus Inn. Possibly incorporated into Happy Inn after 2000. 2011 demolished for Skyvue
1957-1975: Circle Lodge Motel | 3947 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1956 dir. Demolished at unknown date.
1955-1981: Fiesta Motel | 3951/3953 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opens c. 1955-1957. 1974: renamed LaFiesta. c. 1981 motel closed, liquore store continues.
1961: Motel 8 | 3961 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1960: listing shows Croyden Apartments (at 3953 shared with Fiesta) but it seems to have opened in 1961 as Croyden Arms Motel. 1976: becomes Motel 8
1964: Desert Oasis Motel| 3965 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1964: Opened as Half Moon Motel. c. 1969-1972: became Warren Motel Apartments. After 1997 became Desert Oasis Motel.
1955-2000s: Laughing Jackalope| 3969 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1955: Opened as Wright’s Motel (G.L. Wright, owner). 1979: became Ali Baba’s Motel and wedding chapel. (Seen in 1/11/88 video). 1990: became Snowbird, and then Sunbird. Bar built in front of the motel in the 90s. 1998: became Laughing Jackalope. Closed after 2000, motel demolished.


Cross street: Four Seasons Dr


1983-1998: Fez Motel | 4213 S Las Vegas Blvd. LVS 1998; c. 1998 became Miami Beach Motel; LVS 2000; closed after 2000.
1960-1987: Aloha Motel | 4223 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1987: became Dynasty Inn. c. 1997: closed, demolished.
1963-1997: Americana Motor Hotel | 4375 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1963: opened as Americana, then became Lucerne Motor Hotel in the same year. Location shared with Alpine Village Inn until 1970. 1980: became Gold Dust Motor Hotel, possibly closed in 1981. 1987: became Royal Oasis Motel Inn. c. 1997: closed, demolished.


Cross street: Dewey Dr


1955: Diamond Inn | 4605 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1940: built as house, suggested by research at LVA; visible in 1950 aerial photo. 1955: Desert Isle Motel, Arby and Ruth Alper owners. 1964: Pink elephant statue placed in front. c. 1988-1990 became Diamond Inn.
1952-2004: Glass Pool Inn | 4611/4613 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1952: opened as Mirage Motel with 22 rooms. No record of the motel before 1953. Unknown whether it was in operation before being bought by Robert & Betty Rosoff in 1953 (RJ 10/7/2003).The windowed pool was built in 1954 (“soon world’s finest swimming pool” RJ 8/12/54) by R. Rosoff and A. Alper, bro-in-law, owner of Desert Isle Motel. 1988: Mirage name purchased by Wynn; became Glass Pool Inn, with lounge addition. 1999: Allen & Susan Rosoff, operators of the motel since 1971, sell to H Bulloch & D Gaffin group. 2004: demolished; sign remained until stolen in 2011.
1972-2000: Casa Malaga | 4615 S Las Vegas Blvd. Opened c. 1972 as Alamo Motel. 1976: became Casa Malaga. Closed after 1998; demolished after 2000.
1942: Little Church of the West | 4617 S Las Vegas Blvd. The chapel was originally located at Last Frontier Hotel. It was moved three times: from the north to the south side of the Frontier c. 1966, to the Hacienda in 1979, and to current motel site in 1996. 1954: Motel Capri opens (4617 S. 5th St). 1956: became Mater Mea Inn. 1976: became Silver Sands Motel. 1996: Chapel moved to this property from Hacienda. 2000: Silver Sands Motel closes.
1952-1980: Cardinal Motel | c. 1952 or earlier; 4703 and 4815 S Las Vegas Blvd. Unclear whether the motel was in business continuously in the 80s-90s Demolished in 1997.
1994-2005: Pollyanna Motel | 4915 S Las Vegas Blvd. c. 1954: opens as Sombrero Motel. 1994: becomes Pollyanna Motel. 2005: demolished
1964-2007: Klondike | 5191 S Las Vegas Blvd. 1964: opens as Kona Kai Motor Inn. 1967: R. Engelstad purchase; 1976: J. Woodrum purchase; became Klondike (LVS, 5/28/06). 2006: closed. 2007: demolished. 2014 replaced with LV Harley Davidson
1959: Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas| built by Western Neon, designed by Betty Willis, installed after May 1959. Put a Star on It: A Brief History of the Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas Sign


1948: LAS Airport| Est. 1942 by George Crockett as Alamo Field. 1948: Clark County builds McCarran Field, relocating the former McCarran Field from North Las Vegas. 1963, Mar 15: New terminal, airport entrance relocated to Paradise Rd. Old terminal becomes Alamo Airways under new land lease by G & P Crockett. 1967: H Hughes buys Alamo from Crockett. 1968, Sep 5: renamed McCarran Intl Airport. 1975: Old terminal demolished, replaced with Hughes Executive Air Terminal in '76. 1990s: Hughes Executive Air demolished, replaced with runway expansion. 2021: McCarran renamed Harry Reid Int'l Airport.


Locations or details unknown
1920s-1933: El Desierto | Service station, cabins on L.A. Highway near Pair-o-Dice.
1930s: Southside Auto Court | “South Fifth St on L. A. Highway, Bob Zeimer, prop.” (RJ, 7/2/30), 1931 dir.
1932: Star Auto Camp | LA Hwy, 1932 ad, and/or Stafis Auto Camp
1933: Clark Auto Court | LA Hwy. Scene of gun battle between Officer Erniest May and proprietor William Henry Clark, both killed. (RJ 6/8/33, 9/17/95). Location described only as on Los Angeles Highway.
1946-1947: Silver Spur | 1946: The Indian Village, “opened by three ex-servicemen on Highway 91” (RJ 4/23/46, 4/24/46) in business through late 1946 when it becomes Silver Spur (Fuller, RJ 12/31/46). 1947: new owner Eddie Salas. Photograph in Helldorado souvenir magazine, 1947. Closed in July - “now that the Mondoray and Silver Spur are shuttered look for another nitery on once so gay Hiway 91 to either fold or change hands next week” RJ 7/12/47.
1948-1949: Palace Bar | listed in Fuller; 1949 directory. Only address is “L.A. Hwy.” Advt in LVN 5/6/49. RJ 9/7/49: Operated by J. Marchiando, near Red Rooster or Kit Carson, destroyed by arson fire. 1951 “Tropic Hotel” (possibly aka Colonial House) reported being built “on the site where the old Palace Bar stood for many years” RJ 5/27/51.


Sources, project info, and contact

Fuller - Index of Nevada Gambling Establishments (1991) by H. Fuller.
HHN - Henderson Home News
JCFLV - Jack Cortez’s Fabulous Las Vegas
LVA - Las Vegas Age
LVN - The Las Vegan (1946-1950s)
NSJ - Nevada State Journal
RG - Reno Evening Gazette and Reno Gazette-Journal
RJ - Las Vegas Review-Journal

Sours: https://vintagelasvegas.com/strip
Las Vegas Resorts World

The Queen’s Gambit hotels: Do the hotels featured in the Netflix series really exist?

3 hotels serve as a background for the famous Netflix series. Αre The Queen’s Gambit hotels real?

It is one of the most popular and appraised TV series now. The Queen’s Gambit appeared at the Netflix menu a few weeks ago and managed to capture our hearts with its original story based on a book by Walter Tavis.  The story is about Beth Harmon, a young girl who reveals an astonishing talent for chess in a 50s orphanage and begins an unlikely journey to stardom while grappling with addiction.

Apart from the captivating plot and the heroine’s immaculate style, there are also stunning sets and locations, rich in details of the Cold War era during which The Queen’s Gambit takes place. As α chess champion, Beth takes part in numerous tournaments, traveling the technicolor universe of the 60s and staying at luxurious hotels around the world.

Among the awesome locations of the popular Netflix series, there are three hotels that serve as a background to the story, sometimes stealing the show with their ambiance and design. Let’s see them!

The Queen’s Gambit hotels: Hotel Mariposa in Las Vegas

Episode 3 “Doubled Pawns”: Ιn 1966, Beth and her stepmother travel to Las Vegas for the US OPEN competition. The moment we see the two women approaching a modernistic building and entering a lobby that looks like a mid-century design heaven, we fall in love with the so-called Hotel Mariposa.

Queen's Gambit hotels

Bold geometric patterns and a palette of pastel colors create an alluring retro aesthetic in both the lobby and the rooms. Furniture and architectural details that seem to have been designed by famous Scandinavian masters are everywhere making us wonder where this amazing hotel is.

Queen's Gambit Hotels

Photo: Courtesy of Palais am Funkturm

Well, the hotel is fictional but the building is real. The actual building is located at Messe Berlin and is a big exhibition center built in 1950. Full of retro charm, The Palais am Fukturm was designed by Bruno Grimmek and built in 1956.

SEE ALSO:

The Harmon Room: This hotel room is inspired by The Queen’s Gambit series

The Queen’s Gambit hotels: Aztek Palace in Mexico City

In episode 4 “Middle Game”, Beth and Alma travel to Mexico City for one more chess tournament.  They are very happy to stay at grandioso Aztek Palace which evokes the vibes of a landmark hotel, located at an iconic spot of its city.

Queen's Gambit hotels

Again the set is located in Berlin. The hotel exterior is actually the façade of the new building of Friedrichstadt-Palast, which opened in 1984. The lobby featured in the series also belongs to it.

Queen's Gambit Hotels

Photo: Courtesy of Friedrichstadt-Palast

The enormous building is the last historic landmark building that was built in the GDR. After the fall of the Wall, the Palast established itself as the first address in reunified Germany for extravagant and spectacular show entertainment.

The Queen’s Gambit hotels: Moscow Hotel

During the final episode, Beth, who is at the peak of her career as a chess champion, travels to Moscow in an immaculate 60s wardrobe and stays in a hotel with an imposing Soviet-era architectural style. Grey colors, massive proportions, and austere lines, all trademarks of the socialist architecture, come in contrast with the pop, curved shapes of Las Vegas.

                                        Karl Marx Boulevard

The façade belongs to a block of flats on Karl Marx Boulevard again in Berlin,  a monumental socialist boulevard built between 1952 and 1960 in Berlin Friedrichshain and Mitte.

Queen's Gambit hotels

The scenes at the hotel restaurant were filmed at Kino International. Completed in 1963, Kino International was one of East Berlin’s premiere theaters before the fall of the wall. Now it serves as a historic gem that shows selected pictures and hosts the occasional soiree. Along with the glamorous 60s style décor, the building design invites visitors to step back into a different epoch in the city’s history.

It seems the architecturally volatile city of Berlin proved to be the ideal source for locations of the production of The Queen’s Gambit, featuring a large scale of architectural styles from post-war modernism to austere soviet style created by the German Democratic Republic.

 

SEE ALSO

Which is the hotel in Hollywood Netflix Series?

Delicious recipes from famous hotels around the world

 

Does Hotel Bella Donna from Mamma Mia 2 really exist?

Sours: https://www.thehoteltrotter.com/the-queens-gambit-hotels-do-the-hotels-featured-in-the-netflix-series-really-exist/

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